14 CATALOGUE OF SEEDS, PLANTS, BULBS, ETC.
[image] SNOW WHITE DENT.
NEW SNOW WHITE DENT. A COMPARATIVELY new variety. Some think that it is from a selection of the Silver Mine. However, it is an excellent variety of special value for milling purposes. The introducer says: "Superfine Meal, made from Snow White Dent Corn is by all odds the best meal made in this or any other country. The ordinary dull, white colored, slightly mixed, immature white corn of the country will no more make such meal than will a sow's ear make a silk purse. Snow White Dent is the whitest, purest, most perfect, heaviest yielding, and in every way the best milling corn in the world to-day. Pkt. 5c, b. 25c, lbs 60c, postpaid. By freight per pk. 75c, bu. $2.50, 2 bu. or more @ $2.35, 5 bu. or more @ $2.25.
IMPROVED EARLY YELLOW FLINT. An eight-rowed yellow flint variety with ears from 10 to 15 inches long, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches in diameter and are well filled out to the extreme end of cob. This corn is adapted to the northwest, has given excellent results in Minnesota and other northern states. Excellent for ensilage. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c postpaid. By freight, pk. 65c, bu. 2.25, 2 bu. or more @ $2.15, 5 bu. or more @ $2.00. "The Yellow Flint Corn was the best ever seen here. I had ears measuring 3 inches and from the quart of seed planted I gathered 25 bushel baskets full of ears, and have sold it to my neighbors for seed."-J. Doll, Otter Tail county, Minn.
RURAL THORO'BRED WHITE FLINT. This comparatively new variety is by far the best white flint corn on the market. The ears are of unusual length, 12 to 15 inches, and of handsome shape, flinty white color. The leaves are very broad and succulent, and it is therefore of great value for fodder and ensilage, as well as for a grain crop. The stalks usually bear two or three long ears. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, [?] lbs. 60c postpaid, By freight, pk. 75c, bu. $2.50, 2 bu. or more @ $2.25, 5 bu. or more @ $2.10.
MINNESOTA KING. A very early, large grained variety which is in great favor with our customers in Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Dakotas, and it is considered there the most profitable and best yielding corn no matter whether weather is favorable or not. It is a yellow half dent variety with broad, rich, golden yellow kernels. Ear of fair size, with small cob and usually only eight rows. One Michigan farmer writes that the Minnesota King corn yielded about 100 bushels per acre. Per pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. [?0]c postpaid. By freight, pk. 75c, bu. $2.25, 2 bu. or more @ $2.10, 5 bu. or more @ $2.00.
PRIDE OF THE NORTH. The ears are 8 to 9 inches long with small cob and kernel; 70 pounds of ears will make 60 pounds of shelled corn. Color bright orange and very uniform. Will ripen in ninety days and matures in this latitude when planted in June. Pk. 95c, bu. $2.00, 2 bu. or more @ $1.75, 10 bu. or more @ $1.60.
[image] RURAL THOROUGHBRED.
IMPROVED EARLY MASTODON. For about 15 years past Clark's Early Mastodon Corn has been a prominent variety, owing to its productiveness and large sized ear. The butt of the ear is not so disproportionately large, it dries out quickly and ripens easily in 110 days, while it required 130 days for the old variety. Ears are quite even in size and four of them weighing 6 3=4 pounds took first prize at fair. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c postpaid. By freight, pk. 65c, bu. $2.00, 2 bu. or more @ $ 1.75, 5 bu. or more @ $1.60.
IOWA YELLOW DENT. This year there are thousands of farmers in need of seed corn, and their main object is to secure at a low price a nice grade of good yellow corn which is well matured, thoroughly tested, of strong vitality, and will produce a good crop of sound corn. Pk. 50c, bu. $1.35, 2 bu. or more @ $1.25, 5 bu. or more @ $1.15, 25 bu. or more @ $1.00. I grew 480 bushels of your Iowa Gold Mine Corn on four acres last year. An average of 120 bushels to the acre.- W. W. Preston, Warren Co., Ia.
EARLY LONGFELLOW DENT CORN. INTRODUCED BY THE IOWA SEED COMPANY. The trouble with most early sorts is that they are too small, but this new variety is of unusual length, our illustration showing an ear 15 inches long, but the average is about 12 inches. Grain not deep as some of our other varieties. We recommend it highly for Northern Iowa, Minnesota and the Dakotas. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid. By frt, pk. 65c, bu. $2.00, 2 bu. or more @ $1.85, 5 bu. or more @ $1.75.
EVERGREEN FODDER. The stalks are sweet, juicy, rich, tender and very nutritious. The leaves very numerous, large, broad, succulent and greatly relished by all kinds of stock. Pk. 60c, bu. $1.75, 2 bu. or more @ $1.65.
EARLY FODDER. Will make feed much earlier than the above and is very nice to feed when in roasting ear. Not as large a yielder. Pk. 60c, bu. $1.75, 2 bu. or more @ $1.65.
HICKORY KING. A white field corn, with largest grains and smallest cob of any white corn ever introduced; a single grain will almost cover the cob section completely. We do not recommend it north of southern Iowa. Matures in about 135 days. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c postpaid. By freight, pk. 80c, bu. $2.65, 2 bu. or more @ $2.50, 5 bu. or more @ $2.40.
[image] HICKORY KING
[image] EVERGREEN FODDER SWEET CORN.
ONE BUSHEL PER ACRE ADDED TO YOUR CROP WILL MORE THAN PAY COST FOR SEED CORN.
IOWA SEED COMPANY, DES MOINES, IOWA. 15
The Irish Victor Outyields Every Other Variety. Try It...
[image] IRISH VICTOR.
SEED OATS. IRISH VICTOR.-Introduced by the Iowa Seed Company. A grand novelty and the most productive variety ever brought out. The Irish Victor, brought over from Ireland six years ago, has proved superior to all other sorts grown in the same section, in vigor of growth, stiffness of straw and productiveness. The straw is very stiff, holding the heavy head up well. It is fully as early as the Lincoln and yields more than that very productive variety. The grains are large, plump and heavy. Plant grows to medium height, of vigorous growth, stools out exceptionally well, is free from rust and yields an immense crop. By freight, peck, 45c; bushel, $1.10; 2 bushels or more at $1.00; 10 bushels or more at 85c. "The Irish Victor is the best and most productive oats I have ever raised. They have stiff straw and stand up better than any other sort."-J. J. Doonon, Poweshiek county, Iowa. "I have handled a great many car loads of oats both of my own growing and also as a shipper of grain to eastern markets, but I consider your Irish Victor Oats the the best ever shipped from this station. I saw the oats growing and the field was beautiful: it stood up straight, having a very stiff straw and sprangled head. They far surpass the Lincoln, Swiss, White Russian, Bonanza and all other varieties of oats which have been grown in this vicinity."-H. H. Connell, Poweshiek county, Iowa. "Your Irish Victor oats made the heaviest crop that I ever saw, and they stood up the best of any oats in our neighborhood this year."- Wm. H. Swan, Mahaska county, Iowa.
LINCOLN.-When we introduced these oats to our customers in 1893, they had never been tested in this state, but had done so exceptionally well in Minnesota that we had much faith in them. Seven prizes, amounting to $500, were offered for the largest crops grown from one bushel of seed sown, and in our 1894 catalogue we published a list of the awards, the first prize going to a man who grew 174 bushels from one bushel of seed sown, and the average of seven successful competitors was 116 bushels each. On account of its soft nib, heavy meat and thin hull it is unsurpassed for feeding and for making into oatmeal. By freight, pk. 40c; bu. $1.00; 2 bu. or more @ 90c; 10 bu. or more @ 80c. "I sowed ten bushels of Lincoln oats on six acres of ground, from which was threshed 498 bushels, or 83 bushels per acre. We had severe drouth this year and other oats yielded only 6 to 10 bushels per acre."-H. M. Dickinson, Douglas county, Neb. "The Lincoln oats went about 25 per cent more to the acre than other white oats on the same kind of ground. I sowed them just as I did the others."-C. F. Herrick, Buchanan county, Iowa.
BLACK TARTARIAN.-An extra choice variety from England. The best black oats in existence. A very desirable sort. Per pk. 75c; bu. $2.25; 2 bu. @ $2.10; 10 bu. or more @ $2.00.
EARLY CHAMPION.-This grand new variety which was introduced in 1898, has given excellent satisfaction to our customers, and it gave the largest yield per acre of any variety in the test at the Iowa Agricultural College, and is highly recommended by them. Has comparatively short straw, matures a week to ten days earlier than other kinds, thus largely escaping the liability to rust. Per pk. 35c; bu. 90c; 2 bu. or more @ 80c; 10 bu. or more @ 70c. Henry Wallace, editor Wallace's Farmer, says: "I would rather risk growing grass seed with Early Champion than any other variety I know of."
SILVER MINE.-A very popular variety. The grain is heavy, plump and has a thin hull. It is quite hardy and vigorous and will undoubtedly please you. Our seed is pure, grown from headquarter's stock, and we think it is unsurpassed. It is bright, nice and tests 98 per cent. Per peck, 35c; bushel, 90c; 2 bushels or more at 80c; 10 bushels or more at 70c.
GREAT NEW ZEALAND.-This grand new variety was first introduced by us in l895 and has given remarkable satisfaction, in one instance yielding 102 bushels per acre, while other varieties in the same vicinity yielded only 40 to 50 bushels. It averages a trifle higher than any other sort, has very stiff, strong straw, never known to lodge. They stool out remarkably well, and thus require less seed to the acre; are almost entirely free from rust on all kinds of soil. Peck, 40c; bushel, $1.00; 2 bushels or more @ 90c; 10 bushels or more @ 85c. J. H. Shober, says: "The New Zealand oat is the best variety I ever saw, and you are safe in assuring your customers an average yield of 25 per cent more per acre than any of the common varieties, and also they will weigh more to the bushel. They are rust proof, are a surer crop and better adapted to this country than any other varieties."
EUROPEAN HULLESS.-The berry or grain, which is much larger than that of ordinary varieties, is loose in the hulls and easily threshed out as clean as wheat or rye. It should prove to be a desirable variety to make oatmeal from. Better try a little of it. Our stock is small and will doubtless be exhausted before the season is over. Pkt. 10c, lb. 35c, 3 lbs. for $1.00, postpaid.
WINTER TURF.-Highly valued in the south for fall sowing. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c; by freight, pk. 60c, bu. $1.75.
IDEAL WHITE HULLESS BARLEY. And it is an ideal that pleases all who try it. The heads are large and well filled with big, plump kernels, which are hulless and of great value for feeding. Those who have grown it say that it produces a much larger crop than any other. It weighs 60 to 65 pounds to the measured bushel, while ordinary barley weighs only 48 pounds. The straw is very stiff and strong. It is the handsomest, most productive and the best variety we know of. The kernels shell out without the hulls, and are a very pretty white berry, plump and oval in shape. It is not a malting barley and can be used for feed only, but as a fat producer for hogs it has no equal; it makes sweeter meat and better lard than corn. It is a vigorous grower and can be sown after all the other grain and will mature before either wheat or oats. Price per packet, 5c, lb. 25c; 3 lbs. 60c. postpaid; by freight, peck, 60c, bushel (48 pounds), $2.00; 2 bushels or more at $1.85; 5 bushels or more at $1.75.
SUCCESS BEARDLESS BARLEY.-Earliest barley known. With good land and season it has produced 80 bushels per acre. Sow as early as you can; frost does not hurt it. This variety is beardless and as easy to grow and handle as oats. It is a heavy cropper, yielding from 50 to 75 bushels per acre. Good for malting and for feeding hogs and other stock. Stock is short this year. Order early. Per pkt. 5c; lb. 25c; 3 lbs. 60c; by freight, pk. 50c; bu. $1.50; 2 bu. or more @ $1.35; 10 bu. or more @ $1.25.
[image] Ideal White Hulless Barley.
SOW DWARF ESSEX RAPE AND OBTAIN THE BEST HOG PASTURE YOU EVER HAD.
16 CATALOGUE OF SEEDS, PLANTS, BULBS, ETC.
[image] HAYNES' PEDIGREE WHEAT.
SEED WHEAT. HAYNES' PEDIGREE WHEAT.-We cannot too highly recommend this grand new variety as being the best kind of spring wheat in existence and are sure it will please everyone who tries it. It was originated by Mr. L. H. Haynes, who spent eight years in selecting and improving it in his garden, each year choosing all the largest and best heads and discarding all the balance. The heads are very large, well filled out, the kernel is hard, the plant stools greatly, and, under ordinarily favorable conditions will yield 40 to 50 bushels per acre. It is an improvement on Blue Stem wheat, and fully five days earlier in maturing. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid. By freight, pk. 65c, bu. $2.00, 2 bu. or more @ $1.85. I was much pleased with Haynes' Pedigree Blue Stem Wheat last year. The weather was very unfavorable for small grain, but it yielded nearly double the crop that my other wheat did and of much better quality.-G. Rubes, Dickinson County, Iowa.
VELVET CHAFF SPRING WHEAT.-This is now the standard variety for growing in Iowa, having displaced all the older sorts. It has proved much superior to the Scotch Fife, Saskatchewan and other sorts, being fully equal in quality, earlier, more sure, and yielding much larger crops. It is a remarkable, semi-hard spring wheat, yielding large crops free from rust. All stock seems to be a trifle mixed and it is impossible to obtain that which is strictly pure, but we think this which we are offering is as pure as can be obtained. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid. By freight, pk. 50c, bu. $1.60, 2 bu. or more @ $1.50.
DEFIANCE WINTER WHEAT.- A Novelty of 1900 - lntroduced by the Iowa Seed Co. -We claim for this new wheat that it is unequaled in hardiness, stooling qualities, productiveness, rust proof qualities, strength of straw, quality of grain, quality of flour and the best in all respects of any wheat ever offered. It has a record of over 59 bushels per acre and many crops are reported of 35 to 45 bushels. Don't sow the old worn out varieties when you can add 50 to 100 per cent to your crop by sowing the Defiance. Everyone is delighted with it. Ask for price in the fall. Price for shipment now by mail, 1 lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c. By freight, pk. 50c, bu. $1.50, 2 bu. or more @ $1.40.
TURKISH RED WINTER WHEAT.-The old standard sort of ironclad hardiness and very productive. Lb. 20c, 3 lbs. 50c. By freight, pk. 40c, bu. $1.25, 2 bu. or more @ $1.10.
CORN WHEAT.-It is a vigorous grower and extremly hardy. It has gone under the name of Wild Goose Wheat or Corn Wheat, but has now been identified as the true Macaroni Wheat grown in Europe. We believe that there are thousands of our customers who will want to try this wonderful new grain. Pkt. 5c, lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c, postpaid. By freight 1/2 pk. 65c, pk. $1.00.
MONSTER RYE. We consider Winter Rye one of the most important of all farm crops. In the first place it is a sure crop - failures being almost unknown. Every farmer should have at least a few acres of it. It is usually sown in the fall and as it grows very vigorously will furnish pasture till late in the fall and also early in the spring before other grasses have begun to make a growth. For this reason it is of great value to dairy farmers. If sown very early in the spring it makes an early and abundant pasture but will not make a grain crop. Pk. 50c, bu. $1.35, 2 bu. or more @ $1.20, 5 bu. or more @ $1.00.
SPRING RYE. Distinct from the Winter Rye; grain of finer quality and more productive, and can be successfully grown in any latitude. It is now being largely sown in the north in the place of oats, being a more profitable crop on account of the production of nearly four times the straw. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid. By freight, pk. 60c, bu. $1.75, 2 bu. or more @ $1.65, 5 bu. or more @ $1.60.
[image] SAND VETCH.
WONDERFUL SAND VETCH. OR WINTER VETCH-A comparatively new forage plant in this country, which bas proved of highest value and is highly recommended by the U.S. Agricultural Department. Though it succeeds and produces good crops on poor, sandy soils, it is much more vigorous on good land and grows to a height of 4 to 5 feet, remaining green all winter. It is the earliest crop for cutting, and a full crop can be taken off the land in time for planting spring crops. It is exceedingly nutritious, much more so than clover, is eaten with relish, and may be fed with safety to all kinds of stock. Also valuable for a hay crop. Sow one-half bushel per acre, either in spring or fall. Pkt. 5c, lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c postpaid. By freight, peck $1.80, bushel (60 lbs.) $6.50.
SPELTZ. A valuable new grain from Russia. It makes excellent pasture and good hay at proper season. Yields 70 to 100 bushels of grain to the acre besides several tons of straw which is good for feeding. It may be sown in the fall but is usually sown in the spring 50 to 75 lbs. to the acre. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid, By freight, pk. 50c, bu. (40 lbs.) $1.20, 2 bu. or more, @ $1.00, 5 bu. or more. @ 90c.
THE VELVET BEAN. Nature's great soil restorer. Is a green manuring and forage plant. Forms a nutritious fodder and makes valuable hay. Plant at the rate of 1 1/2 pecks to the acre, in drills five feet apart. Pkt. 10c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c, postpaid. By express or freight, pk. $1.00, bushel $3.50.
IMPROVED PROLIFIC TREE BEAN. Are also called California Wonder. Yields about 41 bushels per acre. Pkt. 5c, 1/2 pt. 12c, qt. 35c, postpaid. By freight, pk. $1.15, bu. $4.00.
TEOSINTE. A fodder plant; resembles corn in general appearance; 85 stalks, 11 feet high, have been grown from one seed. Large pkt. 5c, oz. 10c, 1/4 lb. 30c, lb. $1.00, 3 lbs. (sufficient for 1 acre) $2.65 by mail prepaid.
[image] JAPANESE BUCKWHEAT NATURAL SIZE
JAPANESE BUCKWHEAT.-About a week earlier than Silver Hull and yields more. The flour made from it is equal in quality to any other buckwheat. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs, 60c. By freight, pk. 50c, bu. (52 lbs.) $1.50; 2 bu. or more @ $l.35.
SILVER-HULL BUCKWHEAT.-Grain is of light gray color, rounder than the common variety, has thinner husks, earlier and yields more. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c. By freight, peck 50c, bushel $1.50, 2 bu. or more @ $1.35.
RYE BUCKWHEAT.-A wonderful novelty growlng exactly like buckwheat but the grain has no hull on, and looks exactly like the grains of rye. Pkt. 10c, lb. 50c, 3 lbs. $1.25 postpaid.
GIANT SPURRY. Has been called "the clover of sandy land." Pkt. 5c, lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c, postpaid. By freight 10 lbs. (will sow an acre) $1.25; bu. (50 lbs.) $5.00.
SPANISH GRASS PEAS. Very productive, producing from 40 to 45 bushels to the acre. Sow five pecks to acre. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c postpaid. By freight, pk. 75c, bu. (60 lbs.) $2.50.
WHIP-POOR-WILL COW PEAS. Valued for fodder and for reclaiming old or worn out land. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c. By freight, pk. $1.00, bu. $3.50.
EGYPTIAN, OR CHICK PEAS. A great yielding pea, plant upright, branching and covered with balloon-like pods; very productive. Lb. 30c, 3 lbs. $1.00, postpaid. By freight, pk. $1.25, bu. $4.00.
OUR PRICES ON NURSERY STOCK ARE LESS THAN HALF THOSE USUALLY ASKED BY TREE PEDDLERS.
IOWA SEED COMPANY, DES MOINES, IOWA. 17
[image] EARLY AMBER CANE.
EARLY AMBER CANE. Dairy farmers say that the Early Amber Cane is the most valuable fodder plant in existence for their use. It is profitably grown anywhere from Manitoba to Mexico, on any good corn ground, and is but little affected by drouth. It is of the very best quality, being sweet, tender, nutritious, and greedily eaten by catte, horses and hogs. Dairymen find that the cows will give more and richer milk from its use, and it is claimed that ten tons of green fodder have been grown per acre. Sow 100 pounds per acre for best results. Price subject to market change. Per lb. 20c, 3 lbs. 50c postpaid: by freight, 10 lbs. 50c, 25 lbs. 85c, 100 lbs. $[2.5?], 500 lbs. or more @ $2.25. KENNEY' S IMPROVED AMBER CANE-Mr. Kenney, who originated and introduced the Minnesota Amber Cane about twenty-five years ago, has been quietly at work, selecting and improving it all these years, and we are pleased to offer seed of his own growing this year. This seed was grown in Central Minnesota, and we recommend it as the earliest and best. Per lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 65c, postpaid; by freight, 10 lbs, $1.00, 25 lbs. $2.00; 50 lbs. $3.00; 100 lbs. $5.00.
EARLY SOJA BEANS. Coffee Berry - Also Called Soy Beans. During recent years this variety has been sold under the name of German Coffee Berry at extremely high prices, but we prefer to offer it under its correct name. When roasted and ground it closely resembles coffee and tastes quite similar. Some mix half and half with coffee when using and claim it is superior. It is a valuable fodder variety either for feeding green or for the silo. Like the clovers it is a soil improver, deriving its nitrogen from the air. Plant in drills 2 or 3 feet apart and 1 foot between plants. Pkt. 5c, lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c, postpaid; by freight, pk. $1.00, bu. (50 lbs.) $3.50.
WILD RICE. The only one of our native plants furnishing food for wild fowl, ducks, geese, etc., which is an article of commerce. Pkt. 5c, lb. 40c, 3 lbs. $1.00; by freight, 10 lbs. or more @ 20c.
KAFFIR CORN. This is a fodder plant, yielding two crops of fodder during the season. It grows from 5 to 6 feet high. The stalks keep green and are brittle and juicy, not hardening like other varieties of sorghum, making excellent fodder, either green or dried. There is no failure about it, as it possesses the quality that all the tribe possess, of waiting for rain without any loss of capacity to yield. The grain is valuable for feeding to poultry and will make a flour that is like wheat. Pkt. 5c, lb. 20c,3 lbs. 50c; by freight, peck 50c, bu. (50 lbs.) $1.50, 2 bu. or more @ $1.25, 5 bu. or more @ $1.10.
JERUSALEM CORN. Claimed by many practical growers to be an improvement on Kaffir corn, as it is a surer crop in unfavorable seasons. Produces a large crop of fodder which is of very good quality. Seed white and nearly flat. It yields a good grain crop also. Three to four pounds will plant an acre in drills, 40 to 50 lbs. broadcast. Pkt. 5c, lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 60c; by freight, pk. 75c, bu. (50 lbs.) $2.50, 2 bu. or more @ $2.25.
[image] KAFFIR CORN.
AUSTRALIAN SALT BUSH. A most valuable plant for soils containing alkali and for all regions subjected to prolonged drouth. It is highly desirable to furnish forage during the hot, dry summer months in our western and southern states. Not hardy in the north. The past few seasons in California have been so dry that the special value of this plant has been most strongly demonstrated. The plant needs some little moisture to start it into growth, but when once started will make a strong growth during the hottest and driest weather. There is no danger of it becoming a troublesome weed, as it is very easily eradicated when cut off below the soil or turned under with a plow. Per packet 5c, ounce 15c, 1/4 pound 35c, pound $1.25, postpaid.
FIELD PEAS. For the northern states there is no crop of greater value than Field Peas, and none is more neglected, which can only be attributed to a lack of knowledge as to its merits. Like all leguminous crops, peas have the power of extracting nitrogen from the air, and the soil is richer in nitrogen than before the peas were sown upon it. It is a nutritious food and relished by all kinds of farm animals. SCOTCH BEAUTY.-Best blue field peas. Will yield an immense crop. Superior quality. Per pk. 60c, bu. $2.25, 2 bu. or more @ $2.00. WHITE CANADA.-More used than any other. Per pk. 60c, bu. $2.00, 2 bu. or more @ $1.75. Ask for special prices on Field Peas in large lots.
[image] DWARF ESSEX RAPE
DWARF ESSEX RAPE. The most popular and profitable forage plant in existence. The demand for Dwarf Essex Rape is increasing four-fold every year, and everywhere it gives the greatest satisfaction. It is easily grown everywhere and is unsurpassed as a forage plant for hogs, cattle or sheep. They eat it greedily and seem to prefer it to any other pasture during the summer and until late in the fall or early winter. It is usually sown in June, July or August with corn or potatoes, or on well prepared land alone for summer and fall pasture. Makes a wonderfully productive pasture for sheep, hogs or cattle, and they gain flesh so rapidly that they soon "weigh like lead." While it is the ideal food for sheep, still it is of equal value for hogs and cattle, as they are very fond of it. It is extremely cheap, having yielded twenty tons of fodder per acre. The United States Department of Agriculture claims that it adds greatly to the fertility of the soil for the following grain crop. Our stock is the true Dwarf Essex imported by us in carload lots direct from the best grower in England. Beware of low prices on rape seed this year, as some unscrupulous dealers last year substituted German rape which can be sold at less than half price, but it goes quickly to seed and is worthless for forage purposes. Every one of our customers was pleased last year. Per pkt. 5c, lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c, postpaid; by freight, 5 lbs. 50c, 10 lbs. 85c, 25 lbs. $1.75, 100 lbs. $6.00. Ask for circular on growing rape.
BROOMCORN. We make quite a specialty of this, supplying thousands of broomcorn growers in all parts of the United States with seed. DWARF EMERALD.-Is the result of a cross between Dwarf Evergreen and California Golden. Stalk is short and its one object seems to be to produce long perfect shaped brush in the shortest possible time. Very productive. Lb. 30c. 3 lbs. 75c; by freight 10 lbs. $[?.50], 25 lbs. $3.00, 100 lbs. $9.00. CALIFORNIA GOLDEN.-Has been carefully selected and improved so that the brush is straight and long. Per lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 65c; by freight, 10 lbs. 60c, 25 lbs. $1.25, 100 lbs. $4.00. AUSTRALIAN.- Makes the most even and perfect shaped hurl brush of any variety that we have ever seen. Per lb. 30c, 3 lbs. 75c; by freight, 10 lbs. $1.25, 25 lbs. $2.00, 100 lbs. $6.00. TENNESSEE EVERGREEN.- More largely grown in western states than any other. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 65c; by freight, 10 lbs. 65c, 25 lbs. $1.40, 100 lbs, $4.50. DWARF.-Popular in some sections. Matures late. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 65c; by freight, 10 lbs. 75c, 25 lbs. $1.50, 100 lbs. $5.00. MISSOURI EVERGREEN.-Has coarser brush than the Tennessee and is therefore desirable for making heavy brooms. Lb. 25c, 3 lbs. 65c; by freight, 10 lbs. 60c, 25 lbs. $1.25, 100 lbs. $3.50.
THOUSAND HEADED KALE. The seed can be sown early in April or any time thereafter until midsummer. It grows to the height of 3 to 4 feet, and is so covered with small whorls of leaves that the name of Thousand Headed Kale has been given it. It will yield a much larger crop than the Dwarf Essex Rape as it branches out from the bottom, grows very rapidly and is greatly relished by hogs, cattle and sheep. The plant is not affected by drouth. Pkt. 10c, 1/4 lb. 25c, lb.75c, postpaid; By exp., 5 lb. or more @ 50c lb.
MAMMOTH RUSSIAN SUNFLOWER. The largest sunflower. This is without a doubt one of the best paying crops that can be raised. Seeds are the best of food for poultry and much cheaper to raise than corn. Pkt. 5c, lb. [2?]c, 3 lbs. 55c; by frt. 10 lbs. 70c, bu. $1.50.
[image] THOUSAND HEADED KALE.
OUR NORTHERN GROWN SEED POTATOES WILL PLEASE YOU.
18 CATALOGUE OF SEEDS, PLANTS, BULBS, ETC.
IMMENSELY PRODUCTIVE Just Think of It! 95 TONS PER ACRE Of Green Fodder 16 TONS OF GOOD HAY
PENCILARIA. Two years ago when we first introduced Pencilaria to the farmers of this country there were many who looked incredulous at our statements of its wonderful productiveness, but still it created a great deal of interest and fully 75,000 farmers in all parts of the United States gave it a trial. In spite of a most unfavorable season it proved wonderfully satisfactory everywhere, and they evidently told their neighbors of it. We estimate that last season more than 225,000 farmers experimented with it. Everywhere it is without parallel in productiveness. It grows on all kinds of soil, in all kinds of climate and everywhere pleases and astonishes those who have not previously seen it grow.
HOW IS THIS? 75 Stalks 9 TO 14 FEET HIGH Grown from one tiny seed no larger than a pin head
DESCRIPTION. The seed is very small, about the size of a pin head, and it is really wonderful that it should produce such an immense growth of foliage. When it first comes up it looks like grass, but very soon changes its appearance so that it more nearly resembles corn, growing very rapidly and having broader, more succulent leaves than either corn, cane, Kaffir corn, pearl millet, Jerusalem corn, or any other plant of that character. The stalks grow to a height of 12 to 14 feet and are covered with juicy leaves which are quite similar to Indian corn in appearance, but instead of producing ears like corn or large heads like Kaffir corn, it produces long cylindrical heads 10 to 16 inches in length and only about one inch in diameter, closely set with thousands of tiny seeds which are greatly relished by poultry. One agricultural editor showed his ignorance by advising his readers not to plant it for fear that it would prove to be a noxious weed which would live in the ground over winter, but the fact is that Pencilaria is an annual and the plant dies in the fall. STOOLING HABIT. Everyone is greatly astonished with the stooling nature of the Pencilaria. While it begins to stool out at once from the root, still it is after being once cut off that this is specially prominent. In introducing it two years ago we stated that 43 large leafy stalks, larger than the tallest corn stalks, had been grown from one tiny seed. Many persons were incredulous, and the editor of one agricultural paper stated that this was clearly a misstatement, as such a thing was impossible; but Pencilaria has far surpassed our claim, many farmers reporting 50, 54, 60, 65, 67 and even as high as 76 stalks grown from one seed, each one of these stalks growing 7 to 14 feet in height and covered with long, broad, juicy leaves. 96 TONS PER ACRE. One of the most noted farmers in the United States, who also stands high as writer for the agricultural press, states that he made a careful test, sowing the seed on the 15th of May in drills 18 inches apart. It looked like grass at first, but he cultivated it at the end of twelve days and it then grew very rapidly. He cut the first crop on July 1st, forty-five days after sowing the field. It was then seven feet high, and it weighed, green, 30 tons per acre, and when dry gave 6 1/2 tons of hay per acre. The second growth was cut on August 14th when the plants were 9 feet high and the crop weighed 55 tons per acre green and 8 tons per acre dry. The third cutting was made October 1st. It weighed 10 tons green and 1 1/2 tons dry, thus making a total crop of 95 tons per acre of green fodder, and when dry made 16 tons of hay, all from one sowing of seed. QUALITY. We claim that Pencilaria is much superior in quality to corn fodder, Kaffir corn or any similar plant. This is shown by the cattle leaving corn to go to the Pencilaria. It is perhaps not as rich and sweet as sorghum cane, but it is fully equal or superior to the non-saccharine sorghum besides being easier to handle and very much more productive. Cattle, horses and hogs are all very fond of the fodder. CULTIVATION. The seed is usually sown in drills 54 to 36 inches apart, dropping three or four seeds to each foot of row. In this way one pound will sow an acre of land. Some of our customers are still more saving of seed than this and put it in hills like corn three or four seeds to the hill, but a large and better crop can be produced by sowing in continuous drills. It should be cultivated as soon as well up, and it is seldom necessary to cultivate the second time, as the plant grows so rapidly that it soon takes care of itself and quickly smothers out all weeds. It always pays to cut the first crop when the plants are two or three feet high, and the later cuttings when three to six feet high. In this way it will make four to seven crops per year. If you allow it to grow on without cutting so as to obtain the seed crop, the quality is not so good. Do not sow the seed until the ground is quite warm, say about the usual corn planting time. While we always recommend that the seed be sown in drills, still some of our customers do not want to go to that trouble, and they prepare the ground thoroughly and sow the seed broadcast, lightly brushing it in. If it is covered with a quarter to a half inch of soil it is sufficient. If seed is planted more than half an inch deep it will be very apt to fail to grow. WHO NEEDS PENCILARIA? This season stockmen will especially need a quick growing forage plant, and they should try Pencilaria. We have turned cattle loose in a field of it and they seem to relish the food greatly, although we consider it more satisfactory to cut the fodder and throw it over into the feed lot. A farmer who wants an immense crop of hay this year should try Pencilaria, as from it he will grow not only an immense quantity, but of superior quality. The dairyman who has hundreds of cows, and the person who keeps only one, should both grow Pencilaria, as it is claimed that one-fourth acre will supply sufficient fodder to keep a cow in good condition throughout the summer and fall, and sufficient hay can be made from one-fourth acre to supply a cow throughout the winter. PRICES. We offer it at 10 cents for a large package; 25 cents for one-fourth pound; 40 cents per half pound; 75 cents per pound by mail postpaid, or in lots of five pounds or more by express or freight, not prepaid, at 50 cents per pound.
The Pencilaria I purchased from you is fine. You did not overstate matters in saying that forty-three stalks could be grown from one seed, as I counted one plant which had sixty-seven stalks. I have cut it five times during the season, and it makes fine feed for horses, cattle or any kind of stock.-G. M. Bailey, Warren county, Iowa.
Way Up North: I have planted Pencilaria, and think it wonderful the way it stools out, as there are over sixty stools from one root.-E. C. Officer, La Moure county, N. D.
I have noticed some statements that your Pencilaria is like the old Pearl Millet, but the latter is positively a failure here, while Pencilaria stands green and thrifty as though regularly watered. Prof. Budd, one of the best posted horticulturists in the United States, induced us to plant it.-Chas. N. Knight, Bexar county, Texas.
Sept. 11 - Your Pencilaria is a first-class forage plant, and superior to Teosinte, besides being valuable for its seed.-Jno. J. Delchamps, Mobile county, Alabama.
I believe Pencilaria is the thing to plant for forage in southern Illinois. I planted seven different kinds of forage plants last spring, and Pencilaria is the only one I shall plant the coming season.-J. M. Dashiel, Macon county, Illinois.
I am well pleased with the Pencilaria received from you last spring and my horses, cows and pigs were also. - Willis Jackman, Montgomery county, Indiana.
I planted Pencilaria on clayey soil and it made a grand crop twelve feet high. I cut it twice during the season. It will "fill the bill," especially for cows.-Geo. T. Tosh, Westmoreland county, Pa.
Your Pencilaria is truly wonderful in spite of the extreme heat. I think that it would more than double the yield of any fodder plant I know of.- J. M. Lyons, Story county, Iowa.
Your Pencilaria is a fine fodder plant for cows, horses and hogs. In spite of the cold, wet season here it produced 32 to 38 stalks to each plant.-French Nichols, Whitman county, Wash.
The Pencilaria received from you has proved to be a good fodder plant in this section of the country. I expect to put in a large quantity of it another season.-A. U. Craven, Van Buren county, Mich.
I have grown Pencilaria two years and am convinced that it will produce more food to the acre than anything I have ever seen or tried. The cattle will quit cane at any time to eat Pencilaria and it produces three or four crops per year and forty to fifty stalks from each seed.-T. M. Dodd, De Witt county, Texas.
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