18 CATALOGUE OF SEEDS, PLANTS, BULBS, ETC.
Just Think of It!
95 TONS PER ACRE
Of Green Fodder
16 TONS OF GOOD HAY
Two years ago when we first introduced Pencilaria to the farmers of this country there were many who looked incredulous at our statements of its wonderful productiveness, but still it created a great deal of interest and fully 75,000 farmers in all parts of the United States gave it a trial. In spite of a most unfavorable season it proved wonderfully satisfactory everywhere, and they evidently told their neighbors of it. We estimate that last season more than 225,000 farmers experimented with it. Everywhere it is without parallel in productiveness. It grows on all kinds of soil, in all kinds of climate and everywhere pleases and astonishes those who have not previously seen it grow.
HOW IS THIS?
9 TO 14 FEET HIGH
Grown from one tiny seed no larger than a pin head
DESCRIPTION. The seed is very small, about the size of a pin head, and it is really wonderful that it should produce such an immense growth of foliage. When it first comes up it looks like grass, but very soon changes its appearance so that it more nearly resembles corn, growing very rapidly and having broader, more succulent leaves than either corn, cane, Kaffir corn, pearl millet, Jerusalem corn, or any other plant of that character. The stalks grow to a height of 12 to 14 feet and are covered with juicy leaves which are quite similar to Indian corn in appearance, but instead of producing ears like corn or large heads like Kaffir corn, it produces long cylindrical heads 10 to 16 inches in length and only about one inch in diameter, closely set with thousands of tiny seeds which are greatly relished by poultry. One agricultural editor showed his ignorance by advising his readers not to plant it for fear that it would prove to be a noxious weed which would live in the ground over winter, but the fact is that Pencilaria is an annual and the plant dies in the fall.
STOOLING HABIT. Everyone is greatly astonished with the stooling nature of the Pencilaria. While it begins to stool out at once from the root, still it is after being once cut off that this is specially prominent. In introducing it two years ago we stated that 43 large leafy stalks, larger than the tallest corn stalks, had been grown from one tiny seed. Many persons were incredulous, and the editor of one agricultural paper stated that this was clearly a misstatement, as such a thing was impossible; but Pencilaria has far surpassed our claim, many farmers reporting 50, 54, 60, 65, 67 and even as high as 76 stalks grown from one seed, each one of these stalks growing 7 to 14 feet in height and covered with long, broad, juicy leaves.
96 TONS PER ACRE. One of the most noted farmers in the United States, who also stands high as writer for the agricultural press, states that he made a careful test, sowing the seed on the 15th of May in drills 18 inches apart. It looked like grass at first, but he cultivated it at the end of twelve days and it then grew very rapidly. He cut the first crop on July 1st, forty-five days after sowing the field. It was then seven feet high, and it weighed, green, 30 tons per acre, and when dry gave 6 1/2 tons of hay per acre. The second growth was cut on August 14th when the plants were 9 feet high and the crop weighed 55 tons per acre green and 8 tons per acre dry. The third cutting was made October 1st. It weighed 10 tons green and 1 1/2 tons dry, thus making a total crop of 95 tons per acre of green fodder, and when dry made 16 tons of hay, all from one sowing of seed.
QUALITY. We claim that Pencilaria is much superior in quality to corn fodder, Kaffir corn or any similar plant. This is shown by the cattle leaving corn to go to the Pencilaria. It is perhaps not as rich and sweet as sorghum cane, but it is fully equal or superior to the non-saccharine sorghum besides being easier to handle and very much more productive. Cattle, horses and hogs are all very fond of the fodder.
CULTIVATION. The seed is usually sown in drills 54 to 36 inches apart, dropping three or four seeds to each foot of row. In this way one pound will sow an acre of land. Some of our customers are still more saving of seed than this and put it in hills like corn three or four seeds to the hill, but a large and better crop can be produced by sowing in continuous drills. It should be cultivated as soon as well up, and it is seldom necessary to cultivate the second time, as the plant grows so rapidly that it soon takes care of itself and quickly smothers out all weeds. It always pays to cut the first crop when the plants are two or three feet high, and the later cuttings when three to six feet high. In this way it will make four to seven crops per year. If you allow it to grow on without cutting so as to obtain the
seed crop, the quality is not so good. Do not sow the seed until the ground is quite warm, say about the usual corn planting time. While we always recommend that the seed be sown in drills, still some of our customers do not want to go to that trouble, and they prepare the ground thoroughly and sow the seed broadcast, lightly brushing it in. If it is covered with a quarter to a half inch of soil it is sufficient. If seed is planted more than half an inch deep it will be very apt to fail to grow.
WHO NEEDS PENCILARIA? This season stockmen will especially need a quick growing forage plant, and they should try Pencilaria. We have turned cattle loose in a field of it and they seem to relish the food greatly, although we consider it more satisfactory to cut the fodder and throw it over into the feed lot. A farmer who wants an immense crop of hay this year should try Pencilaria, as from it he will grow not only an immense quantity, but of superior quality. The dairyman who has hundreds of cows, and the person who keeps only one, should both grow Pencilaria, as it is claimed that one-fourth acre will supply sufficient fodder to keep a cow in good condition throughout the summer and fall, and sufficient hay can be made from one-fourth acre to supply a cow throughout the winter.
PRICES. We offer it at 10 cents for a large package; 25 cents for one-fourth pound; 40 cents per half pound; 75 cents per pound by mail postpaid, or in lots of five pounds or more by express or freight, not prepaid, at 50 cents per pound.
The Pencilaria I purchased from you is fine. You did not overstate matters in saying that forty-three stalks could be grown from one seed, as I counted one plant which had sixty-seven stalks. I have cut it five times during the season, and it makes fine feed for horses, cattle or any kind of stock.-G. M. Bailey, Warren county, Iowa.
Way Up North: I have planted Pencilaria, and think it wonderful the way it stools out, as there are over sixty stools from one root.-E. C. Officer, La Moure county, N. D.
I have noticed some statements that your Pencilaria is like the old Pearl Millet, but the latter is positively a failure here, while Pencilaria stands green and thrifty as though regularly watered. Prof. Budd, one of the best posted horticulturists in the United States, induced us to plant it.-Chas. N. Knight, Bexar county, Texas.
Sept. 11 - Your Pencilaria is a first-class forage plant, and superior to Teosinte, besides being valuable for its seed.-Jno. J. Delchamps, Mobile county, Alabama.
I believe Pencilaria is the thing to plant for forage in southern Illinois. I planted seven different kinds of forage plants last spring, and Pencilaria is the only one I shall plant the coming season.-J. M. Dashiel, Macon county, Illinois.
I am well pleased with the Pencilaria received from you last spring and my horses, cows and pigs were also. - Willis Jackman, Montgomery county, Indiana.
I planted Pencilaria on clayey soil and it made a grand crop twelve feet high. I cut it twice during the season. It will "fill the bill," especially for cows.-Geo. T. Tosh, Westmoreland county, Pa.
Your Pencilaria is truly wonderful in spite of the extreme heat. I think that it would more than double the yield of any fodder plant I know of.- J. M. Lyons, Story county, Iowa.
Your Pencilaria is a fine fodder plant for cows, horses and hogs. In spite of the cold, wet season here it produced 32 to 38 stalks to each plant.-French Nichols, Whitman county, Wash.
The Pencilaria received from you has proved to be a good fodder plant in this section of the country. I expect to put in a large quantity of it another season.-A. U. Craven, Van Buren county, Mich.
I have grown Pencilaria two years and am convinced that it will produce more food to the acre than anything I have ever seen or tried. The cattle will quit cane at any time to eat Pencilaria and it produces three or four crops per year and forty to fifty stalks from each seed.-T. M. Dodd, De Witt county, Texas.
DON'T FAIL TO TRY OUR NEW GOLDEN WEST CORN.
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