Journal of a tour to the West in 1839: diary, 1839.

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  • UPenn Ms. Coll. 786
  • John Henshaw was born in Middletown, Connecticut to Daniel Henshaw and Sally Prentiss Henshaw on 13 June 1792. The family moved to Middlebury, Vermont, where John attended Middlebury College and graduated in 1808; he then attended Harvard University as a resident graduate for a year. After a visit to Middletown, Henshaw became interested in the Episcopal Church, although he was educated as a Congregationalist, and was baptized by the rector, Rev. Kewley. Henshaw took the name Kewley at the time of his baptism as a token of respect. He was ordained deacon in 1813, served at St. Ann's Church in Brooklyn, New York for three years, married Mary Gorham of Bristol, Rhode Island in 1814, and was ordained a priest in 1816. In the spring of 1817 he became rector of St. Peter's Church in Baltimore, Maryland, where he served for twenty-six years. In 1843 he was elected bishop of Rhode Island, Episcopal Church of the United States, where he served until his death in 1852. Henshaw published numerous sermons and essays. A small leather-bound travel diary from September 1839 to November 1839 written in ink and pencil with 201 numbered pages. Henshaw recorded his journey from Baltimore, Maryland to Louisville, Kentucky, where he was asked to preach at the consecration of the St. Paul's Episcopal Church on 6 October 1839 at the request of his friend and colleague Rev. William Jackson. Henshaw left Baltimore on 24 September, arrived in Louisville on 2 October, and began his return journey to Baltimore on 7 October, reaching home on 7 November. The journal records Henshaw's long and meandering travel from Baltimore to Louisville via stagecoach and steamboat through Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, and Illinois. Henshaw provides a detailed account of all the portions of his journey, including observations of passengers and their personalities, the names of the steamboats, lodgings, friends whom he stops to see, and scenery such as the Allegheny Mountains in the moonlight. He discusses the Episcopal Church at each town where he disembarks, the people, the culture, historical accounts of certain areas, and places he visited in towns, like the glass works factory in Wheeling, West Virginia and his fascination with the process of its manufacture. Henshaw also discusses the state of the church and visits to other churches where he was asked to preach. A list of cities and the expenses incurred on his journey are written on the end papers. There are two leaves laid in with Henshaw's signature and printed name.

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    upon said band & the Col was then very officious in giving his orders to the company to mount the hurricane deck & (sock) her off. On Friday we send on board as (Ju ) a mod( ) -ats Kentuckian - who must be related I think to the Kentucky giant- being about 6 feet five inches- & large in proportion, I should think he ( ) weight 350 lbs. He had a (_____) inscribed with his ( ), about three inches in diameter it ( ) do no ( ) to H( ). Soon after he was comfor -table seated by the fire, the boat gout agrouond- & Col Evants ( ) to that part of the cabin, stammered out the exclamation "came (,La fdom) we want you to lift off the Boat"!

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    In half an hour after, the 11 "[cosucnastein]" (such is the appell -ations of Kentuckians, as Buckeye" is of Ohioans, & Hoosiers" of Indianians.) stretched [hindey?] out on the dining table which groan ed under his weight cascade with his [clerk?] for a pillow. Soon after the [?] col happening thru the cabin & [?] [?] is [?] -trate"! Here [?] oh -ioans, once for all, that the [Westian?] [?] Goats, being all on the high [prepione?] [?] -[?], at every stoke of the piston [send?] for the [grapes?] of [steam?] thru the used [?] & piercing sounded alarming to those who are not accus -tomed to it. On the lower or boiler deck - the hands

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    12 and emigrants (mostly Germans) are accomodated + are never allowed to come on the upper deck which is exclusively ^ for the accomodation of gentlemen + ladies I have however known a Yankee family of emigrants stowed away with their cooking utensils

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    most important localities 13 in our wetern world in his speech upon the trial of Aaron Burr I cod easily fancy it to have been like a Paradise before the porter came but I have nothing of the

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    14. between Wheeling & Cincinnati are Portsmonth on Ohio & Louysville Ky. [Kentucky] The former is at the mouth of the great canal which [Dr?] [Dr?] the centre of the state to [Dr?] [Dr?] connecting the waters of Lake Erie with those of the Ohio. The latter is the starting point of the [Dr?] [Dr?] of great excellence [Dr?] [Dr?] a most rich & [and]beautiful country to [Dr?] [Dr?]. It is a pretty town of 5 or 6000 inhabitants I [Dr?] think & [and] [Dr?] to it is [Dr?], Ohio.

    At Louysville [Dr?] [Dr?] an interesting young lady daughter of the late cashier of the Bank in Lexington, [Dr?] from us by her I [Dr?] [Dr?] to [Dr?] [Dr?] informing him that I was thus far on my way [Dr?] [Dr?]

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