58 Carex Steudelii, Kunth
Spikes simple, with two or three pistillate flowers at the base and 10-15 sterile flowers above; perigynia roundish=obovoid, smooth, with a long and abrupt rough beak; scales of the fertile flowers green & leaf=like, longer than the spike; achenium roundish, obscurely triangular, very minutely dotted; stigmas three, downy; leaves radical, longer than the culm. Culm 6 to 12 inches high. Flowers in May. Dry woods.
Plate VIII fig 3- a The head or spike b The pergynium, c section of the same.
Illinois, Indiana & Ohio. Extends eastward to Northern N. York
59 Carex Backii, Boot.
Spike simple, the sterile flowers (three) at the apex, inconspicuous; perygina 2 to 4 loose globore=obovoid, with a conical beak, smooth; achemium globore=pyriform, scarcely dolled; stigma three, smooth.
Culms six inches high.
Plate VIII fig 4 - a The spike or head of flowers, the lower leaf=like scale reflexed to show the flowers. b The perigynium; c achemum d scale.
Ohio, and about Lake Superior (N W.D. Whitney): also in the Arctic Regions, and in Northern New York
D2. Spikes with both staminate and pistillate flowers, numerous, sensile, forming more or less compact heads; stigmas two; achenium lenticular.
*Staminates & pistillate flowers variously situated
60 Carex bromoides, Schkur.
Spikes four to si, alternate, oblong=lanceolate some of the central ones wholly fertile; perigynia erect, narrow=lanceolate, with a tapering point, solid and spongy at the base, longer than the laceolate scale; style jointed at the base. Culms 12 to 18 inches high; flowers in May. Wet meadows, commons.
Plate I fig 18 - a a head of fertile spikes; b perigynium and stigmas; c. the pristillate scale; d the achenium and jointed base of the style.
Wisconsin, southern Indiana, Ohio, and Michigan. It has been found from South Carolina to the Arctic regions.
61 Carex siccata, Dewey
Syn. c. pallida, Meyer.
Spikes 4 to 8, ellipsoid, and acute, the uppermost, and commonly from 1 to 3 of the lowest fertile below, the intermediate ones frequently all staminate; perigynia ovate lanceolate, compressed, bifid, nerved, acuminate, smooth, about the length of the scale; style minutely hairy. Culms 12 to 18 inches high; flowers in June
Plate VIII fig 5. a The head of spikes; b the bract; c a fertile flower; d the perigynium e the pistel.
Found at Beloit Wisconsin by the late Prof. S.P. Lathrop. Also in Illinois & Michigan. It extends northward to the Arctic Regions, and east to N. England.
62 Carex Sartwellii Dewey
Spikes compound, numerous, ovoid, sessile, the upper mostly staminate, the lower principally or entirely fertile; perigynia ovate=lanceolate, concave= convex, cleft deeper on the outside conspicuously striate; scale ovate, pointed, about the length of the perigynium. bract much longer than the lower spike
.Culms 18 inches high
Illinois & Michigan.- Extends east to Central New York.