Farfel Research Notebooks

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Farfel Notebook 01: Leaves 001-064

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F. Ongania Early Venetian Printing Illustrated Gunst Z156 V46 058f.

Venice - the 2nd city in Italy to receive the printing press was during the 2nd half of the 15th C, the chief + most important emporium of typographical productions. From 1469 (John of Speyer) in which printing was introduced, up to the end of the century, more than 200 presses were at work in the city. Venetian printers brought the paper for their books chiefly from the paper mills of Padua + Treviso.

1) the balance - the most frequent Venetian watermark 2) the bull's head 3) hat / Liber Secundus, begins b7 (of 8), ends d' (of 8), HEHL (104038) → no rubrication, large printed capital at beginning of each book (17 total)

3 wars were ultimately fought between Carthage + Rome, the celebrated Punic wars which covered a span of 119 years The wars began in 264 BC + by 146 BC it was over. Carthage was destroyed + her territory became a Roman province of Africa.

Silius Italicus' Punica tells the story of the 2nd Punic War in its orderly sequence from Hannibal's oath to the battle of Zama. His main source is obviously the 3rd decade of Livy, but the absorbing + exciting account of the prose historian is made tedious + even ludicrous by the poet. The tediousness is due to endless tautology + elaboration + the ludicrousness to the incongruity of applying to familiar historical characters + events every device of the heroic saga, including the physical intervention of gods. -- B. Locatellus was printing for O. Scotus from 1489 to 1500 + used as colophon the cross + circle deivce of the latter.

Type 105R - Text type. In use 1490-1496/7. 80R - Commentary + small text type. Single hyphen. In use in 1490-1496/7. At first single Qu is universal; but in the 1494/5 Boccaccio separate Q with short curled tail appears side by side with the other + in later books predominates.

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(58) S.F. Book Fair Charles W. Traylen Sept. '76 $5.00

(Pico della Mirandola, Count Giovanni) Picus de Mirandula, Johannes. (1463-1494) Opera f° Venice: Bernardinus Venetus de Vitalibus I. 9 Oct 1498 II. 14 Aug 1498 Latin H6 Goff P634 HC 12993 BMC V p 548 Cop Harv CL, HEHL (2,1-), Columbia

262 leaves. 3a: 44 lines + headline, 245 (251) x 147 (c marginalia 166) mm. Types 111R.; 85G. Woodcut capitals; capital spaces, c guide letters.

First certain date connected c Bernadinus is that of Fracentianus, Quaestiones in Consequentiis Strodi, completed by Christophonus de Bottis (Cremonenois) + Bernadinus on 10 Jan 1494, probably 1494/5 HC 7312. He did not, however, settle down to a regular output until early in 1498 + most of his work belongs to the 16th C. (until 1539) In his beginnings he printed chiefly works of humanistic interest. The humanist Pico was a member of the Platonic Academy of Lorenzo de Medici. He attempted to apply the Kabbalah to explanation of Christian mysteries. His orthodoxy challenged, he successfully defended it in his Apologia. In his latter years, influenced by Savonarola, he planned an ascetic life. -- Picus de Mirandula, Johannes Franciscus (nephew of Johannes Picus de Mirandula) Italian philosopher + scholar - an exponent of Renaissance Platonism - still admired as a representative of Renaissance learning. Pico's writings - Oratio commentary explaining the doctrines of the neoPlatonic cosmology (1486), 900 theses or conclusions written for the dispute in Rome, the Dignity of Man, Apology, Heptaplus, his metaphysical treatise on The Being + The One, and a treatise on astrology.

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Anagnine, E.G. - Pico della Marandola. Bari 1937. Garin, E. - Florence 1937.

Giovani Pico was born into a noble family in Mirandola in 1463. He studied law + philosophy at Bologna, Ferrara +, from 1480-82, Padua. Expert in Greek + Latin, he learned Hebrew + Arabic at Perugia, where he also became interested in the Jewish cabala. By 1486 he had composed the 900 theses which led to charges against his orthodoxy. Pico fled to France to evade capture, but was nevertheless arrested in 1488. He was released owing to the intervention of several Italian princes + he then returned to Florence where he enjoyed the protection of the Medici. There, until his death in 1494, he made a brilliant addition to the learned circle that had gathered around Ficino. Pico composed poems, letters, commentaries + a number of original philosophical tracts. Aside from this 900 theses + the famous Oratio, he is well knwon for Heptaplus + De ente et uno. Pico della Mirandola + his contemporary Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) signify the turn from Aristotle to Plato that characterizes the philosophical outlook of the foremost thinkers of the Italian Renaissance.

Reprinted from the ed. of Benedictus Hectoris, Bologna 1495-6 (Hoin 12992) in which however the Deprecatoria comes after the Epistolae + the preliminary matter to the Diaputationes is prefixed, not appended, to that work. Type 111R light text type, separate 2 in 2 forms, one c longer, the other c shorter dropped tail, irregular wide S, wide e, i dotted lightly + high up, + mostly c long serif, large9. In was 1498-1500. 85G text type low style c double limbed capitals + Dr. Haebler's M88. This type was apparently 1st used in 1496 by De Bottis (Cremonersis) the early partner of Bernardinus + is found in the latter's hands in + after 1498.

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(59) Philip Duschnes New York Dec '76 $15.00

Double Manuscript leaf - Book of Hours Flemish, 15th C. Written in lettre batarde in black ink with many small illuminated initials throughout the text 17 lines to the page. 3 3/4 x 5 1/4 inches leaf 52 51 leaf Psalm 44 + 23 In Flanders, not only miniature painting + the writing of texts but also the various aspects of book decoration were separate specialties, controlld by their various guilds. The border painters evolved a new type of border. To go c the realistic miniature: a flat broad band, usually of gold, strewn c the most tangible blossoms + insects, or a still life setting in the midst of which, seen as though distantly through an arched window, the miniature was set. Flemish manuscripts came to the forefront towards teh end of the 15th C. at a time when French books were beginning to lose their vitality. Out of the school of Flemish miniaturists arose in the 15th C the group of panel painters that began c the Van Eycks + went on to include Van der Weyden + Memling. ← Kalendars - The dates are reckoned according to the Roman system + preceded usually by the Golden Numbers + the Sunday letters. Holidays of obligation are marked in red. Large capitals KI which stand for Kalendare, the 1st day of the month.

Bâtarde - all letteres have taken on the pointed + slanted appearance for which the script is brown -- heavy shading of the descenders R. Propterea benedixit.... Matins Ps. Celi enauant...(Ps 18) Pater noster... Tercia sexta A. Sicut myna electa... 2nd Nocturn for Tues. and Friday A. Ante thorum A. Specie tua Ps. Domini est tena...(Ps 23) Ps. Eructavit coc meum...(Ps 44) A. Ante thorum nuius virginis... A. Specic tue et pulchritudino.... V. Dif ussa est A. Adiuvabit eam.

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60 Dec. 76 Angonaut $65.00 (gift)

S.T.C. #2064

The English Bible - tranlated by Miles Covendale [inserted] Yorkshieman educated at Cambridge - (1488-1568) [end inserted] published in England by James Nycholson in Southwark in 1537. (Apocalypse fo. cxiij) 8 1/2x 13 5/8

[inserted] 288 x 189mm 602 ff [end inserted]1st edition of the whole English Bible to be printed [inserted] Woodcut John [end inserted] in England. (folio) Blackletter. Copius: NY Public Lib, BM, The Bible 57 lines - New Testament - Revelation 1 --> 3.2 House, London Apocalypse on "Revelation" of St. John the [illegible]; a vision of the Day of Judgement, the destruction of the world, and the establishment of The New Jerusalem. The "Form Horseman" signify Conquest, Slaughter, Dearth and Death.

Copius (USA) New York Public in Lib and General Theological Seminary NYC C. Clair. p. 2. English printers were dependent on centimental supplies for their paper. Apart from the short-lived paper mill of John Tate of Stwenage (1495-8) no paper seems to have been manufactured in England on my substantial scale until John spilman started his mill at Dartford in Kant about 1589.

- Pynson introduced no man Types into England in 1507, and De Worde first [illegible] first [illegible] an italic type in 1524.

[inserted] H.F. made new ed. 1968 z 7771 E H47 A.S. Herbert Z 7771 E5H47 [end inserted]#32 (15) 1537 Biblia 2nd folio edition of Coverdale's Bible Imprinted in South works fn James Nycolson Coverdadis version - the first folio Bible printed in England - while it is not certain whether this or #33 (a quarto) was the earliest just Bible printed in England, this is probably prior since #33 has the words 'set forth with the Kynges most

See also Matthew & Bible - gracious licence' on the title page. Summaries are removed from the beginning of the book and placed at the head of each * measurement of type page) chapter. the text, in spite of the words 'newly oversene and connected', appears to be a close reprint of Covendale's Bible of 1535. // f^o 288 x 189 [321 x 213 mm] 602ff.

[inserted] The text divided into 6 parts. New Testament #6 [end inserted] The text printed in bold English black letter. The headlines + folio numbers are printed in fine large typo. Each part of the text has a separate foliation. Excluding title borders, -->

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Excluding the title borders ->57 separate blocks are used for 94 illustraations. According to an MS note Frey was able to trace no more than 8 copies of this edition.

It was because the dissernmmilion do the Scriptures in English was prohibited by the ecuclesiastical authorities that Tyndale was obliged [inserted] c. clairp. 61 155.142 C 58 (Santa Clara) [end inserted]to take refute in Germany to complete his Translation of the New Testament, the 1st to be painted in the English language, which was issued by Peter Schoeffer at Worms in 152506. Tyndale met a martyr's death in 1536 before he had translated the whole Bible, which he certainly would have done had he lived. The completion of the English Bible ever to be printed was published in 1535. Even today it is not known for certain where or by whom it was printed, but from the evidence of its types most authorities consider it was printed at Cologne by Cervicorn or Soter. L.A. Sheppard, however, considers the book to have been printed by the same printers at Marburg.

This Coverdale Bible was reprinted in 1537, ostensibly by James Nicolson of Southwark, a native of the Low Countries, who had a printing office in St. Thomas's Hospital, but actually Nicolson only imported the sheetsof the edition, which he purchased from Jacob van Meteren, the Antwerp merchant who had subsidized Corendale's Bible.

British Museum --> The earliest printing of the Bible in English-P. Quentell - Cologne 1525 New Testament "fyue sunday interpreters" were - The Swiss German version of zueingli and Leo Juda (printed at Zurich 1524-9), 2) the Latin version of Sanctus Pagninus (the 1st edition appeared in 1528), 3) Luther's German Version (finished in 1532), the 4) Vulgate and 5) Tyndale.

1537 [inserted] In the Psalter te ordinary Latin headings are prefixed. These had seen omitted in the 1st ed. [end inserted] -- its large initials framed with design from the Danca of Duth seius. Title within the same woodcut border as that employed for the 1st ed. 1535 -- title page by Holbein title page of New Testament - unknown artist - shows the evangelists in the 4 courses. A Literary History of the Bible - Gedder MacCragan - 1968 BS 455 M 32 (West Valley)

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p. 54 c. Clair

Before the religious reforms brought about in the middle of the 16th C there was no liturgical unity in England. Although the Roman Rita was in use throughout the and, it was modified in altered in catain repecta following the accepted usage of the great cathedral churches. The 5 chief 'uses' were those of Salisburg (which differed least from the Roman use) York, Hereford, Bangor and Lincol. Of lesser importance were those of Aberdeen, Abinton, Coyland and London. Canterburg adopted The Serum Use which lasted until 1534 and was revived during the few years of Mary's reign. - [illegible] a maas-book, which contained all the recited a chanted texts of the Mass. After the Norman Conquest it followed as a matter of course that the liturgy used in England should have much in common, except certain officers for saints Londere locally, that of the church at Rowen.

8 different versions (1525-1611)

The Covendale Poalter dy H. Willoughby Gunot Z239 L19B52f

C1535 Coverdale Bible 1537 The Tomas Matthew Bible by John Rogers 1539 The scholarly translation by Richard Tavaner 1539 The Great Bible, at first supported by Cromwell and later prefaced by Crammer 1560 The Calvinistic Geneva Bibleof the Protestant exiles 1568 The official Bishop's Bible edited by Archbishop Parken 1609 The [illegible] Version made by the Roman Catholic exiles of Rheims 1611 King James translation #145 Book Club of California - 1974 - (1535 Bible) $55 The English Bible in the John Rylands Library, 1899 ed. Richard Lovett (1525-40) Covendale visited [illegible], switz. --> 1557-8

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- The Psalter actually in now at the present time throughout the English speaking world, whenever the Book of Common Prayer is the manual fn worship, is the 1535 version of the Psalms by Miles Covendale, revised by Coverdale himself fn the Great Biblbe.

[inserted] J.F. Mozley p 324 220.52 I535m [end inserted] Coverdale 1535, Oct 4: translates Biblia, The Bible; [Cologne, Soter + Cervicorn] ; fol.; S.T.C. 2063. Reprinted with a few emendations in 1537 by Nicolson in both folio + quarto, + again in 1550 by C. Froschover of Zurich in quarto. (ascribed the translation to Thomas Matthew.)

The Tavern Bible - printed by John Bydell fn Thomas Berthelet in 1539. The book is a revision of Matthew, or a much less thorough revision than that of the Great Bible.

in 1538 an edition of Coverdale's New Testament was published in 16 mo only a few copies are extant

- In Luther's New Testament of 1522 he separated the last books (Hebrews, James, Jude, and Revelation) from the 1st 23, fn he did not think the 4 books had the same high canonical quality as the "capital books". - Coverdale's Bible was the 1st to introduce chapter summaries as distinct from the terse chapter headings found in copies of the Vulgate. 3) the first to separate the books of the Apocrypha from the other Old Testament books and print them by themselves as an appendix T. the Old Testament - According to Lovett the 1537 edition his 56 different woodblocks in a total of 94 illustrations. 3 of the 1535 Bible were not used, + the Apocrypha has only 1 in the text as compared with 33 in the 1535 edition. 1537 - the edition was in fact littl emore than tyndale Coverdale text differently mainly in the use of the illustrations woodcuts.

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49 S.F. Book Fair Charles W. Treylen Sept. '76 $4.30

The Holy Bible, Matthew version (small fol.) 29.5 cm. 17 Aug. 1549 - London - S.T.C. 2077 5 pts. J. Daye + W. Serres folxc part 2 Qq i Ezra, 2-4 O.T. Copy: N.Y.P. Lib. The byble that is to say all the holy scripture: HEHL Bancroft [Revision by R.T. of #2066 - 1537 'T. Matthew'] (E. Becker's revision of the Matthew version) fol. 4 pts. Antwerp London (299x192mm)

W. Seres (1548-1550) 1537 - The Matthew Bible was a combination of William Tyndale's Pentateuch + his New Testament, the remainder of the Old Testament being Coverdale's translation. The text was annotated by a theologian (John Rogers0 (1500?-55)[inserted] an intimate friar fo Tindale. [end inserted] who used the pseudonym of Thomas Matthew.

On the accession of Queen Mery he was the 1st martyr to be burned.

H.F. Moule new. ed. 1968 #74 f0 259x160mm. Black letter a reprint of Matthew's Bible of 1537 [inserted] printed at Antwerp [end inserted] with the notes, etc., AS Herberted Z 7771 E5 H47 Ref. revised; edited by Edmund Becke. 568 ff. [inserted] It is often called the "Berg Bible." Ps 91 Verse 5 - buggers by night, instead of terror by night. [end inserted]

Printed in rather peculiar black letter; double column with 65 lines to the full column. References, + a few notes, etc. in the margins: contents before each chapter.

J.F. Mozley p 179 Matthew's bible was thrice reprinted in Edward VI's reign 1) 17 Aug 1549, by Baye + Seres, edited by Edmund Beck who writes a preface. But the New Testament agrees (I think) more with Tyndale (1534) then with Matthew 2) 31 Oct 1549 by T. Raynalde + W. Hyll 3) 6 May 1551 by N. Hyll. These books are S.T.C. 2077-8, 2083.

- Matthew's Bible - the first English Bible to have obtained the royal licence, which Henry VIII bestowed upon it.

- In 1538 a 2nd folio edition of the Matthew Bible appeared, + this is now much rarer than the first. In 1540 an edition in 16 mo in 5 volumes was printed by Robert Redman

Copy: Ny Public Lib, Bible House, London Brit. M.

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Otto Ege - Matthew Bible - 1549 Imprinted at London by John Daye dwellynge at Aldersgate + William Seres dwellynge in Peter Colledge towarde Ludgate. - the 2nd version of the English Bible, edited by John Rogers, who wrote under the pseudonym of T. Matthew, either in for of his life or to conceal the fact that a considerable part of this Bible was from the condemned translation of Tyndale. This edition is also known as the "Becke Bible" on account of the dedication by E. Becke; the "Indecent Bible" because of many objectionable notes, + the "Wife Beathing Bible" from a note" [inserted] appended to I Peter iii 2 [end inserted]to beate the feare of God into her head."

- The notes were considered too decidedly Protestant + this version never became popular.

- woodcut border used fo title same as that used in the Coverdale 1555 with the exception that the legends have been charged from English into Latin.

(1522-1584) - John Day - one of the finest English printers of the 16th C. His best work came after the accession of Elizabeth + he was fortunate in securing the patronage fo Archbishop Matthew Parker. The Cosmographicall Gloss by William Cuningham, printed in 1559, is Day's most distinguished book. His own italic type appears in it, with historiated initials + some of the best woodcuts of the century. E.G. "Duff" W. Seres - commenced work about 1546. He printed steadily during Elizabeth's reign up to about 1577. Rogers was executed in 1555 becoming the 1st martyr in the reign of Queen Mary. HEHL 32859 my leaf - end of 1/3 of volume opposite leaf begins the first book of esdras the prophete (total of 10 leaves)

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