- R. Pafraet - a native of Cologne, who settled at Deventer in 1477, where he became the 1st printer. As printer's device he adopted the image of St. Lebuin (d. c. 780) the Irish or Scottish missionary woh Christianized the region around Deventer + built a church there. - 1st book from his 2nd press, 9 Aug. 1488. His activity continued thereafter until 1511. HEHL #801 100 Gemma Vocabulorum. Antwerp: Thierry Martens, 20 Sept. 1494. 4° Goff V-331 Camp. 780. Add: Propria nomina ex Johanne Tortellio letters A → Z -(a few words match my leaf #503, under L.) my leaf #511 marginal letters the same as →
- the most prolific Dutch press of the 15th C. Although Deventer at the time belonged culturally to the area now known as North Rhine - Westphalia, the two first printers there, R. Pafraet + his successor Jacob van Breda, turned to the vast market in the west, in the need of school-books + the more popular classical authors. (Together the two are estimated to have produced 1/2 of all 15th C Latin grammers printed in Holland before 1501). Pafraet's 1st press was active from 1477 to 1485. For unknown reasons possibly connected c the establishment of van Breda as printer + publisher, Pafraet ceased printing for 3 years, resuming in 1488 c an entirely different stock of type.
Foliophiles Santa Fe, NM. Jan. '00 $55 (22)
Johannes Melber - Lexicographer from Gerolzhofen - lived about 1483. Vocabularius praedicantium, sive Variloquus. Strassburg: Printer of the 1483 Jordanus de Quedlinburg (Georg Husner), about 1488-90. 4° Ref: Goff M-466 HC 11031 Pr 670 BMC I 141
Copy: LC, NYPL my leaf is n3. (of 8) a-e8fg6h-n8op6q-s8tv6x-z8. 172 leaves. c printed headlines 3a: 36 lines. 143 x 91 mm. Types: 160, title, headlines + c.; 80 text. Spaces left for capitals, most c guide letters.
Types 160-title + headline type, often leaded to 165, 170, 180 mm Used throughout Type 80 - smaller text type used from the later months of 1488 onwards. The type 80 was used c minute variations by many other printers. E c the center stroke filed down for a C and absence of paragraph marks. - a preachers guide. Popular Latin-Germany dictionary. HEHL #101413 - Goff M-471 about 1499 In this ed. my leaf is o3 (of 8). L begins on n8 (of 8) + ends on o5 - total of 6 leaves. HEHL #92502 - Goff M-469 1497? - my leaf is o3 (of 8). L begins on n8 + ends on o5.
water mark present -- P c a fleuron or cross at the top. - The period of activity of the printer known as the "Printer of the 1483 Jordanus de Quedlinburg", 1481-92 (c after additional books printed between 1496 + 1502) fits largely between that of the 2 presses of Georg Husner, datable to 1473-1481 + 1495-1505.
Foliophiles Santa Fe, NM. Jan. '00 $25 (10)
Thailand - manuscript. Phra Malai, Thai Buddhist visions of Heaven + Hell. Ca. 1885 - originally associated c a Buddhist painting depicting the monk Phra Malai travelling between heaven + hell. Folding manuscript like a fan. (1 leaf - 5 5/8 wide x 26 3/4" long), thick off-white khoi paper, written in Thai language in fine Old Cambodian script in black ink on 6 widely spaced scored lines c marginal decoration also in black ink. Scene Text Scene
During the 1st millennium AD, varieties of the South Indian script related to the early Grantha alphabet began to spread eastwards among the countries of South-east Asia. One variety adopted by the Khmer people developed into the modern scripts of Cambodia + Thailand. Many Cambodian manuscripts are written in the Pali language but in Cambodian characters. The same script has been used to transcribe other languages such as Thai. Thai is written in horizontal lines from left to right like all scripts of Indian origin. For Buddhist texts a thin lettered form of Cambodian script was used extensively in the 19th C. Spaces are not left between words, but rather between long phrases. Thai manuscripts are of 2 types, palm leaf + folding paper books. The folding book was used for both Buddhist + secular texts. Local paper was prepared from the inner bark of a bush known in Thai as khoi (streblus asper). The khoi paper was offwhite in color + was either inscribed c black ink or sometimes blackened first c a coat of lamp black + then inscribed in yellow ink or white chalk. From the early 19th C the didactic account of the monk Phra Malai who journeyed to heaven + hell was the most prevalent subject of illustrated Thai manuscripts.
The story of Phra Malai gives an account of heaven + hell + of what we can expect from these places in our own futures. Phra Malai is a monk who achieves extraordinary powers through his accumulated merit + meditation. In heaven he is particularly vaoured to see the future Messianic Buddha Maitreya. - Folded paper manuscripts were used in Thailand for recording Buddhist + other texts. Their long narrow format derives from the palm leaf manuscript that followed the spread of Buddhism from its birthplace in India. Texts written on palm leaves were instrumental in the spread of Buddhism + its scholastic traditions. - The accordion folded format of books is typical for traditional MSS from Thailand, Burma, Laos + Cambodia.
Dawsons Los Angeles Feb. '00 $100
Liber Ordinaris. MSS on vellum in Latin. folio xl. 5 2/4 x 8 5/8" Paris: early 16th C. (1520?) ? Italy; late 15th C. 21 lines in a single column, written in light brown + red ink in an elegant humanistic "Roman" hand. 1 line initials, crosses + paragraph marks on alternating panels of blue + liquid gold.
In Hour Books, Martyrs follow the apostles in the Suffrages. Stephen, the 1st Christian to die for his faith (and whose feast is celebrated the day after Christmas) holds a prominent position among martyrs. He is named in the Canon of the Mass.
The Prayer Book + the Book of Hours are sometimes confused, because their prayers are often similar, but the former lacks the Hours + Offices of the latter. Some of the prayers are liturgical, some are contained in a series of Suffrages, + some are of a more personal + extra-liturgical character. (often called Ordinarium and Liber Ordinarius) Ordinal - gives incipits c substantial rubrics for the performance of Mass + office throughout the year -- a guide to the celebration of the liturgy, usually including instructions for liturgical actions to be carried out by the clergy. -- Dominica in ramis palmarum (Palm Sunday)