Paintings + the Mind of Man
#86 The Book of Martyrs was for more than 200 yrs one of the most widely read books in England. Appealing when the memory of the treatment of the Protestants in Mary Tudor's reign was fresh in the minds of its readeres it built up an image of the persecuting papist which not only resulted in the fierce hatred of the Inquisition + hence Spain in Elizabethan times but has strongly colored English thinking on Roman Catholicism to this day. The book had a long history before reaching its definitive form in the 2nd English ed. of 1570. The 2 later ed (1576 + 1583) contained only a few additions.
1st published in Latin on the Continent during Foxe's exile there (Strass, 1554, 1st part, [illegible] f^0) complete Latin ed. --> 1559, Basel, [?an?] f^0. John Daye died in 1584 -- though he published 100's of books he was memorialized on his tombstone as the printer of the Book of Martyrs. 1563 - 1 large folio vol. -- coincided c the ending of the Council of Trent.
1570 1576 1583
2 folio volumes
1350 copies, S.T.C. 11226 f^0 Stanford KC 1596 F6 Vol I. 728 pp. 15 1/4 x 10 1/4 ^4 P. Short, by the assigns of R. Day.
1632 -- 3 vol. 1641
Acts + Monuments began as a book for all Protestants, but later became a more narrowly sectarian possession i.e the Puritans.
Foliophiles Santa Fe, NM Jan. '00 $95 (38)
1985 Copy sold for $800 See #500 #663
Increase Mather (1639-1723) The Mystery of Christ. Sm. 8° Anno Boston: Richard Pierce for Joseph Brunning, 1686. Ref: Holmes #77 Sabin 46706 Evans 416. Copy: HEHL, LC, NYPL, Bodleian
Sigs: C4, A-I8, K-N8, O4 total 112 leaves pp. (2), 6, 212, (I) Type page of title, 4 7/8 x 3" -- Another imprint reads: Printed in the year MDCLXXXVI -- Dedication, To the second Church and Congregation at Boston in New England. - total of 8 sermons }- 7 were selected from a series delivered some 10 or more years before they were gathered in this volume. The subject of the 8 sermons in this work was a favorite of the author. The work was advertised in the author's A Call from Heaven, the 2nd (8°) impression, Boston, 1685. (See #19B) I. Mather returns to this subject in his later work Meditations on the Glory of the Lord Jesus Christ, Boston, 1705. (see #74) HEHL #24078 3rd sermon → "Jesus Christ is over all, God blessed for ever" Rom. IX. 4 begins p. 55 D4 (of 8) ends p 74 E7 (of 8) leaf E6 is a blank. my leaf E2 (of 8) pp. 67 + 68.
Increase was the youngest of the 5 sons of Richard Mather (1596-1669). He was born June 21, 1639 + named "because of the never-to-be-forgotten Increase wherewith God favored the country" at that time. He preached his 1st sermon on his 18th birthday
in his father's pulpit at Dorchester Church. He died on Aug. 27, 1723. Total ^whole works → 102. - about 45 years from the beginning of the settlement of Boston, a printing house was opened 1st book printed in Boston by John Foster [inserted] the third American press [end inserted] "The Wicked mans Portion.", 1675. 2) Samuel Sewall 3) James Glen 4) Samuel Green (Jr.) Richard Pierce was the 5th person who carried on the printing business in that place. Whether he had been bred a printer in England or had served an apprenticeship c Green at Cambridge cannot be determined. Some books were printed by him on his own account and a number for bookseller - no books before 1684 or after 1690 a) 1684-1686. b) Printer to the Honourable his Majesty's President + Council in this Territory + Dominion of New England, 1686. c) 1687-1691. Joseph Brunning or Browning - at the corner of PrisonLane next the Town-House now Court St. in Cornhill was from Amsterdam - bookseller + stationer - he traded largely + published many books (1682-1691). See #550 - Cotton Mather - son of Increase (1663-1728) One of I. Mather's most important influences on 17th C. Boston was his encouragement of the press. He was instrumental in establishing John Foster as the 1st printer in Boston + then provided him c a steady flow of books to print. Heretofore all New England printing had been done at nearby Cambridge.
The importance of the sermon in early New England is still evident in New England's 2 greatest artistic achievements: its literature + its church architecture. Sermons were by far the most popular literary form of the time. Of all the books published in the entire history of colonial New England, nearly half dealt c religion, + most of those were collections of sermons. New England meetinghouses were built as simple lecture halls. The center of attention was not the alter but the pulpit, not the priest + his rituals but the preacher + his sermon. Listening to sermons was considered an essential Christian act. The written expression of religious ideas became New England's greatest contribution to American literature. -- Father of Cotton Mather, Increase Mather was the leading voice of American Puritanism at the end of the 17th century. (ANB)
Richard Pierce. Printer in Boston, 1684-90; [? at the corner of Tremont St. + Boylston St.] John Foster - was a bookseller as well as a printer an engraver, + also compiled an almanac annually - died Sept. 9, 1681 - age 32 years
Foliophiles Santa Fe, NM Jan. '00 gift
Vocabularius: Gemma vocabulorum (Latin - Dutch) Deventer: Richardus Pafraet, 1495 (2nd press) 4°. Ref: Goff V 332 C. 6336, Camp 781, Polain (B) 1566, BMC IX 57. Copy: YUL, WArTGL, B. Royale, A 1653.
a8b4cd6e-z 7 A-O8.4P6Q4. 238 leaves, the last blank 4a: 39 lines + headline 146 (154) x 92 mm. Types: 175G, 1st 2 lines of title (P6) title type of German pattern c feathered capitals. Haebler's M60 1st line on 2a. 106 (98) G preface on 2a, headlines, signatures, colophon. (P3) large square text + heading type. In use throughout. 76G (P5) small text on comm. type. Haebler's M49, curlytailed h. In use throughout. Capital spaces, some c guide letters.
Polain #1566 - 238 ffnc. Car. goth. 3 grand. 391. signat. #1567 - Gemmula vocabulorum (Latin et flamand) Deventer, R. Pafraet, 1497 2 jan. 4°. 234 ffnc. 39 lines. signat. copy: Liege Univ. xvec. II - not cited by Campbell.
My leaf is M4 (of 8).