151 April 1983 Bien wilam See Dr Eichenberger 85 SF + $42.50 Vicentius Bellovacensis (ca. 1190-1264) Speculum historiale (Mirror of History) (I-III n.d.) Strassburg: Johann Mentelin, 4 Dec 1473 folio Ref: Goff V283 C. 6246 BMC I 57 Cop: NYPL, HEHL, PML Chapters XV - XVIII Books 9-16) - Vol. II Book 9 contains 138 chapt. (IX II-liber) Vol. I-IV 790 leaves, I, 170, 376, 377 + 790 blank 2 col. except in tablets, each col. is divided in two. 62 lines. 331x215mm. Types 107 text; majuscule 107, headings + colophons Spaces of 3, 4, 6 + 9 to 11 lines for capitals, with printed guide letters.
J. Mentelin - died 12 Dec. 1478 1458 V. Bellovacensis (Vincent de Beauvais b. Beauvais, Dise, France) a French - Dominicain: his Speculum Maius was on of the chief encyclopaedias of the middle ages - compiled between 1247 + 1259 - first printed at Strassburg 1473-76, + remained a standard work for many years. It was an attempt to combine all human knowledge into a single whole, + remained [inserted] Naturale -32 books Dectainale -17 books 2374 haysters [end inserted]unchallenged as such until Diderot's Encyclopedia 3 centuries later. The Speculum Historiale Consists of 31 books divided into 3793 chapters; it brings history down from the Creation to the crusade of St. Louis (1254). Four of the medieval historians form whom he quotes (IX) most frequently are Sigehert fo Gemblouz, Hugh of Fleury, Helinand of Friedomond, + William of Malmesbury. - The Heredotus of teh Middle Ages - drew his text from acknowledged writers + viewed each source with a critical age, laying the foundation for modern hisotriography yet no Libri wrote in his 1864 catalogue. "This important Chronicle.... reads like a Romance of Chivalry." Books XXIV/XXV through XVII contains medieval history from teh time of Emperors Charlemagne through
*Parallel to the Mirror of V. of Beauvais
Conrad IV (800-1152 AD) -the author of 3 fo the 4 parts of a Latin Mirror or encyclopedia (Speculum majus). The part entitled "Morals" is of unknown authorship, but is not by him. The 3 parts written by him are entitled "Nature", "Instruction" + "History". In Nature this order followed is that of the 6 days fo creation described in Genesis. Instruction ranges from the libral to the mechanic arts. The History epitomizes the story of man since Adam as it was understated by 13th C scholars. A body of kowledge * is interpreted in the religious art of the 13th C, as in the sculptures of churches. - goes into detail about the triumph of Christianity under Constantine the Great, the rise of Mohammed, Charles the Great etc. Especially noteable are the - at times quite long - quotations of old + new authors. THus one finds passages from Cicero + Ovid, Origenes + Johannes Chrysostemos + Augustinun up until Bernard de Clairvaux.
II A. Incipit tabula secudi volumeinis speculi historialis "De claudia + perio" - IX li libri i chapter B. Continentia noni libri "Nous liber continet historia 3 ta tummodo xiiii anororum quibis impersuit claudius. Sed propter concilium hirofolimi tanum in quo legalia reuocata fit per petrum + iacobum. illic inferitue breuis epilogus de cersatione legalium + institutione nouorum gratia sacramentorium. Insuper flosculi morales ineuenalis + perfii satiricoru 3 Lucani quo 93 poete + eius patrui senece. Habet aute 3 Capitola C XXXViii."
Vincent of Beauvais was the tutor of the children of King Louis IX of France. - compiled his Speculum Maius under the patrionage of St. Louis, who gave him the funds for purchasing the books he needed.
J. Mentel, born in Schlettstadt prob. about the year 1410, moved to Strassburg by 1447. Evidently he began printing at Strassburg in 1458 Mantel has been characterized as the 1st professor of the new art of printing who catered deliberately to the laity. Among his other activities was service as notary for Bishop Ruprecht of Strassburg for a period of time until 1468. He died in Dec. 12, 1478.
Haebler The Type is the last one Mentelin cut. It is an attempt to combine the roman Type which Mentelin's son in law A. Rush had tried to introduce into printing as early as 1464, with gothic type which in design + legibility gives almost complete satisfaction. - reflected, as in a mirror "whatever has been made or done or said in the visible + invisible world from the beginning until the end, + also of things to come". - one of the earliest books printed in German to use Roman types. Type 107 - a lighter substitute for 112c, still more roman in character. HEHL Vol. I Book 1-8 Book 9 has cxxxviii capitula Vol II Book 9 - leaf 7 (mine) rubricated in red (has correct large initial I (XV) Liber Nonus Capitulum primum de promocione Claudy ad imperium Commcator Speculum Majus (Great Minor) - the most celebrated encyclopedia of the entire Middle Ages
152 July 1983 Pageant Book, NYC $7.50 Horatius Flaccus, Quintus (65-8 BC). Opera (Ed + Comm: Christophorus Landinus) See #434 Florence: Antonio di Bartolommea Miscomini, 5 Aug. 1482 Ref: Goff H447 HCR8881 BMC VI 637 folio Cop: HEHL, Harv CL Carminum LI. Tertius AD ASTERIEM C 272 leaves, 2-270 numbered I-CCLXIIII 3 col. in table of works, 2 col. in evota. 451. of commentary surrounding text, + headline 117(187)x129mm. Types: 112 R; 79R; Gk Capital spaces with guide letters
Horace - celebrated Roman poet, b. Verosa, contemporary + friend of Virgil. THere are extant 121 lyric poems (Odes, Epodes + Carmen sacculare) + 41 verse essays (Sartirer, cometimes called Sermons; Epistles + Ars poetica (single longest composition - a work of literary criticism) Bante in his Divine Comedy lists him 3rd among poets after Homer + Virgil. Many of the Odes are poems of love + wine and friendship, stressing, the inevitablility of death + the need to enjoy life while one can (as expressed in Horace's well known phrase "carpe diem.") Type 112 R text type, regular + open. Seperate Q with medium tail, t with peculier angular foot swelling out slightly to left. 79 R small narrow text type. In use 1482, 84. Gk lower case only, without accents or breathings, clear + round in use 1482, 89. HEHL leaf 100 Ad Asteriem Cicerso to CI recto then Ad Macenatum Ode VIII Dicolos Crecto - end of Romanos Hortatus ad recte vivenden. Ode. (3 leaves)
Conversation Pieces (Satines) Book I + II Refraiuns (Epodes) Poems (odes) Book I, II, III*, IV *6 How Are We Fallen! delicta mairum *7 Keep Faith, Asterie! Letters in Verse (Epistles) Book I, II Jubilee Hymn (Carmen Sacculare) written to honor Augustan's revivel of the secular games. The Art of Poetry (shorter than a book of the Georgies (Virgil) The first 3 books appeared in 23 B.C. when Horace was 42 yrs. old. The book was written 10 yrs later. (mainly political national - its 4 + 14th odes honour the campaigns of Drusus + Tiberius in the Tyral + Grisons, 15 BC) "Horace has nothing to surpass the piquent grace of the ode to Pyreha - the dispair of so many translators. It is written in the "4th" Asclepiad stanza. Of this stanza's other is occurrances the best are the lines of comfort to Asterie weeping for her absent lover......." - Miscomini - after printing in Venice his 1st work in Florence dates from 1481 + he remained active there until about 1495.