Status: Complete

The origin and Development of Humanistic Script
Ullman 471.7941
straight d
" f. (final s)
- ouster of the Tironien
symbol fn et shaped like
the figure 7 --> &
(our ampersand)

o (unical)
Ss - round s in 2 fnms
long s, fat in the middle - the
distinctive characteristic of bastarda

cardinal rule - if a letter ends with a
bow and the following letter begins with one
the 2 letters are
written conjoint.
7. use of 2 fn and after a letter ending in
a bow
2 shaped and (2)

- the restoration of the ae ligature
in 2 forms (one in a form familiar today,
the other with a subscript a similar to a cedilla)
drove out the single e.

Gothic script in Italy
tends to be roundish, in
France and England it is

Round letters stand
apart n touch but do
not overlap
use of spelling mihi michi [inserted] old spelling (medieval) - preferred by Salutali. [end inserted]
hihil hichil

Fusion of round letters
medieval gathering of 8 leaves vs humanistic
gathering of 10.

in our earliest Latin manuscripts abbreviations and ligatures were employed at
the ends of lines in order to achieve a relatively straight rt. margin. One device
to fill out a short line was to write on i (or we may call it the 1st stroke
of an m, n, etc) and then to delete it lightly.- also a ancelled o
on large forms of letters such as a round S lying on its back - world

accent marks á, é, ó (in adverbs)
ct ligature (avoid splitting)
final word hyphenation
capitals - the 2nd i of ii is taller
S and C [illegible] of letter g
V is occ. used for a
formal humanistic (inventor)
of -
example 1402 or 3
protype fo the
Roman fonts

Majuscules - capital based on inscriptions
rather on manuscripts
to Poggio, we owe the introduction
into humanistic script of square capitals
based on inscriptions. (1403-8)

Niccolo Niccoli --> humanistic cursive - the kind
of hand that led to the italic type fonts

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