Status: Indexed

[handwritten text on the top margin] 1945


In the good year 1901, a new Governor took office in North Carolina. He became
known throughout the state as the "Educational Governor," and after some time his
reputation for leadership in behalf of education spread to other states in the South,
and in the Nation. His philoshopy of education can be determined by quotations from
some of his speeches: "Equal, that is the word! On that word I plant myself and my
party - the equal right of every child born on earth to have the opportunity to burgeon
out all there is within him." "On a hundred platforms, to half the voters in the
State, -- I pledged the State, its strength, its heart, its wealth, to universal edu-
cation - - - men of wealth, representatives of great cooperations applauded eagerly
my declaration. - - - Gentlemen of Legislature, you will have ought to fear when
you make ample provision for the education of the whole people." In an interview
given to the New York Herald in April, 1901, he said in part: "We are in this state
in the midst of an educational revival. We favor universal education and intent to
accomplish it. - - - as to the Negro we shall do our full duty to him. - - - He is
with us to stay. His destiny and ours are so interwoven that we cannot lift our-
selves up without at the same time lifting him."

Governor Charles Brantley Aycock was a lawyer by profession, a graduate of the
University of North Carolina, an eloquent orator of the sincere persuasive type, and
was held in high esteem by the people of his state. He was a genuine man, and a born
leader of men.

For purposes of this article a brief outline of a situation he faced as Governor
should be included here: In his first Legislature (1901), a group of members decided
to force through that body what the Governor considered a vicious bill. The aim was
to divide tax money collected for schools between the white and Negro races on the
basis of what each paid. All white taxes would go to white school and Negro taxes

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