Status: Complete


educate her children, but she is too poor not to educate them.

Governor Aycock, Dr. J. Y. Joyner, and other official and personal associates
of the Governor "set the sails" of a fixed and definite educational policy and
program for this State which has persisted until this good day. Likewise, the
Governor being himself a genuine liberal in politics and government, began a program
of progressive measures, particularly in education, agriculture and industry. He
established a principle in the government of North Carolina which has been a lasting
benefit and encouragement to Negroes, not only but to the State as a whole. Twice
in his adminstration, in 1901 and in 1903 certain members of the General Assemby
tried to pass a Bill that would divide tax money for schools between the white
and the Negro races on the basis of what each paid. All white taxes would go to
white schools and Negro taxes to Negro schools. The Governor thwarted that effort
by threatening to resign as Governor if such a Bill was passed. That controversial
matter never came up again in the Legislature. The Governor's courageous action
was a triumph for liberalism for education and for righteousness.

Just twenty years after Aycock "set the sails" in North Carolina for education,
liberalism, and progressive government, another progressive administration began
in 1921. In that year, the Honorable Cameron Morrison became Governor. He was
indeed with the spirit of adventure in a new direction. As it was expressed at
that time, Governor Morrison wanted to get the state "out of the mud," and for-
ever put an end to what was terned "the mud tax." The Governor lost no time in
presenting his proposal which later meant so much to him and to the state. Governor
Morrison recommended that the Legislature authorize the issuance of $50,000,000
in bonds for the building of permanent hard surface highways. This daring proposal
startled both the friends and the foes of the Governor. Immediately there was much
controversy. One group said, "We cannot afford to begin a road building program
in times like these, particularly in such a large amount." The Governor and his

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