SR_DPI_DNE_ArticlesSpeeches_Newbold_Box2_1944-1945_45

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II. Other phases of the educational program in which there is now some approxi-
mation to equality as follows
1. Average daily attendance of average membership (1940-41)
White Negro
a. Elementary 93.8 90.3
b. High School 95.2 93.7
2. Average training of teachers (1942-43) white 790.5 Negro 785.2
3. Graduate and professional training (Since 1939 and to January, 1944,
1,235 Negroes have registered in graduate courses at the North Carolina
College for Negroes, Durham, the Agricultural and Technical College,
Greensboro, and in Universities in other states.)
III. Areas or fields in public education in North Carolina in which there are how
differences.
1. The need for larger and more effective school units – Consolidation.
2. Additional and better high schools.
3. An expanded vocational education program.
4. Equipment, general supplies, teaching aids and supplies, and janitorial
service (see point 7 in study plan).
5. Jurisdiction of principals
6. Much larger support for Negro State Colleges in which most of the
teachers are trained.
7. Elementary schools (accreditment and supervision)
Not long after these facts became known, Governor J. Melville Broughton appeared
before the State Board of Education, December 9, 1943, and recommended that the Board
authorize and appoint a Committee on Negro Education from its membership. He suggested
that the Committee formulate plans for a complete and thorough study of the seven items
included in category III shown above. These being the points in the public education
program in which, there are still differentials between white and Negro education. The
Governor stressed the urgent need for consolidation which will provide better school
opportunities to Negro children in every way, particularly in high schools, including
vocation education; and he emphasized equality of opportunity as the principal goal.
The State Board of Education immediately accepted the Governor’s suggestions.
Seven Committees were organized, one for each topic to be investigated. These include
38 outstanding county and city superintendents of schools, 38 scholarly Negro teachers,
principals, college personnel, and 32 members of the combined staffs of the State Depart-

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