Smith College: James, Prince of Wales, 1688-1766. [Letter and document] (1688) (MiscMS 387)

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Letter, [16]88 Jul. 31, Rome [to] Sir Rich. Bulstrode. Unsigned letter concerning the celebrations in Rome of the birth of James, Prince of Wales on 10 Jun. 1688 to James II of England and Mary of Modena. The description of the festivities took place on July 25 and the two following days and nights. -- Document, 1743 Jun. 6, Albano, [Italy]. The document confers a rank of nobility on Dougal Stewart of Appin. Signed, James R and has his seal.

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Sat: Rome July 31 88.

On Sunday the 25th Instant. being Saint James's day began the Public Recitings here which lasted 3 dayes, for the Birth of the Prince of Wales. First of all, was a Capella of eighteen Cardinals who assisted at high Mass, and Te Deum perform'd, with the choicest music and voices att the English Church, which was most richly adorn'd with Cloth of Gold-Hangings belonging to Cardinal Barberini.

His Emminence of Norfolke expresst himself very particularly on this Occasion, having still all the Windows of his Palace plentifully illuminated, with white-wax Torches. and a fine Fountaine erected, with the King's Arms, and other Ornaments over it, which was from Time to Time supply'd with wine in the Piazza too over against him a whole Ox was ordered to be roasted and distributed, a very good Consort of Trumpets and Kettle-Drum attended like wise nor wanted there any thing proper and usuall on such Occasions.

Sr Rich. Bulstrode

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Sr. John Lycroft his Majestys Agent had also the Fariata of all his Appartments illuminated with white wax Torches & renewed each night, and Over his Gate a large Picture in which was represented the Prince of Wales wth various Triumphs, Devices & Ornaments proper for the Occasion, together with the Pope's, King's and Queen's Pictures, the whole being adorn'd, with Festons of silk &ca and sett all about too with white wax Torches. among his neighbourhood were distributed eleven-hundred Lantorns, with the King's Arms, which all the 3 nights were supply'd a new with as many Lights, and the first night, a whole Ox by his Appointment was roasted att the end of the Street on Trinità de' Monti, over against which a Fountain of wine ran all the while, which the two following nights was removed, and sett upp before his Gate. Dureing the whole he caused too 700 Mortaletti to be fir'd still att the Royall Healths and Salutes to his friends who came /to

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to congratulat wth him, for wthin Doores, likewise were constantly Tables spread, wth variety of choice wines, Coole-waters, and other Provisions suitable to the Company that enter'd, nine Trumpets and Kettle Drum attended also constantly in his middle Appartmt besides Suitzers and other Drums and Flutes, who went to an againe in the Street, during the whole Function.

The Palaces of Este, Medici, Altieri, Barberini the Great Duke's and Bracciano's were also illuminated wth white wax Torches. The Ambassadr of Malta, Monsignr Caparara, the Resident of Savoy, the Agents of Bavary, Newburg, and Parma, put forth likewise Torches the like did Mr Panton, and the English Consul, as also the English, Scotch, and Irish Colleges, and each proportionably, a great Multitude of others according to theire abilities set out Lantorns.

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James R./

James The Eight by the Grace of God King of Scotland, England, France & Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c. Whereas We are fully satisfyed with the duty Loyalty & affection of Our Trusty & wellbeloved Dougal Stewart of Appin, & of the many & good services performd by his Family to the Crown upon all occasions, and being also well persuaded that he himself as one of the Chiefs of the Clans wants only a good opportunity to exert himself, as his Predecessors have done, at the head of his Clan & Following, for the recovery & in the defence of Our Just Rights, & for the releiving of his Native Country from the present Tyranny & Usurpation it groans under, We are resolved to Conferr on him the Tittle & Dignity aftermentiond, as an encourage= =ment to him & an obligation on his heirs to continue firmly attatched to their Rightful & Lawful Soveraigns, & to Support upon all occasions to the utmost of their power the intrest of the Crown. Our will & pleasure Therefore is, and We hereby Ordain Letters Patent to pass under Our Great Seal of Our Ancient Kingdom of Scotland, Making & creating, as We hereby Make & Create the said Dougal Stewart of Appin a Lord & Peer of Parliament of our said ancient Kingdom, by the /name

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name & Title of Lord Appin To Have & to hold to [him & his ?] with all the privileges [p? ?], precedencies, places, immunities & other advantages, which by the Laws & Customs of Our said ancient Kingdom do appertain, in as full & ample manner as any other Lord of Our said Kingdom does hold the same. Which Letters Patent are likewise to contain all such clauses as are necessary for making the same valid & effectual And We hereby Dispence with all [requirements,] if any be herein containd, And Ordain Our said Letters Patent to pass Our Great Seal of Our said Ancient Kingdom of Scotland per saltum without passing any other Register or Seal, For doing whereof this shall be a sufficient Warrant. Given at Our Court at Albano this sixth day of June 1743, In the 42 year of Our Reigne. JR

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