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l3 APRIL 1872 299

championing the doctrine of State Rights as opposed to the doctrine of
consolidation. They are honorable men. Nothing must be said against
them, for their past record entitles them to respect. But they are upon a path
that would lead the colored man to ruin. The Republican is the national
party and the other is the State party. It was from the National Government
that the colored men had received all they have. They owe nothing to State
governments. It is not sufficient to be told that the amendments to the
Constitution will protect the colored man. Good things have been in the
Constitution since 1788, good things were in the Declaration of Indepen-
dence, but they were of no avail, because they were not enforced. (Ap-
plause.) All the laws and all the amendments cannot protect the colored
man if his enemies get control of the Government. (Applause) The Re-
publican party must be maintained in power.

Referring to General Grant, Mr. Douglass said “he is the man for
whom I expect to vote.” (This announcement was greeted with tremendous
applause.) “Yet the Republican party has other leaders besides General
Grant.” There is now a man at Washington who represents the future; what
ought to be, and is a majority in himself, and a man at whose feet General
Grant learns wisdom on this question—Charles Sumner. (Cheers and ap-
plause.) I know them both, and they are great men, but Sumner is steady as
the north star—he is no flickering light; for twenty-five years he has
worked for the Republican party and freedom. May my right hand lose its
cunning; may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, 12 and may the day
l was born grow dark and be cursed when I say one word that reflects on
Charles Sumner.

University of Bonn, was an officer in the revolutionary movement of 1848 before his emigration to the
United States in 1852. Settling first in Wisconsin, he quickly transposed his political skills and interests
to Republican party and antislavery politics and was later rewarded by Abraham Lincoln with the
position of minister to Spain. Schurl. soon resigned that post, accepted a military appointment, and,
eventually achieving the rank of major general, saw action at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and
Chattanooga. In his subsequent political career as editor, US. senator from Missouri (1869—75), and
secretary of the interior in the Hayes administration (1877—81) his interests encompassed conditional
readmission and general amnesty for the ex-Confederate states, the Liberal Republican movement, and
reform in civil service, public land, and Indian policy. At the close of the century Schurz remained
outspoken in his opposition to American expansionism. Joseph Schafer, Carl Schurz: Militant Liberal
(Evansville, Wise., 1930); James P. Terzian, Defender of Human Rights: Carl Schurz (New York,
1965); BDAC, 1665; ACAB, 5 : 428—29; NCAB. 3 : 202—03; DAB, 16 : 466—70.
12. Douglass adapts Ps. I37 : 6.

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