Index: Speeches Volume 4

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656 INDEX

Slaves (continued) education of, 43, 308—09, 319—20, 500; nonresistance of, 119; population of, in U.S., 5, 241, 277, 399, 413; protect master’s families, 487; religion and, 230; songs of, 230; talk of emancipation among, 230, 600; thefts by, 315

Slave states, 592; Democratic Party in, 325—26, 325—26n; U.S. Army in, 540; Whig Party in, 325—26n

Slave trade: abolition of slavery and, 25. See also Atlantic slave trade

Slidell, John, 227, 227n

Smalls, Robert, 91n, 91—92, 119, 130, 211

Smirke, Robert, 546n

Smith, Abram, 375

Smith, Adam, 48

Smith, Gerrit, 215nn, 412; Jefferson Davis and, 539, 539n; Douglass’s friendship with, 43, 220, 375; mob attacks, 53n; violent antislavery means and, 607—09

Smith, James McCune, 92, 92n

Smith, J.B., Dr., 355

Smith, T. C. H., 431n

Smithers, George Washington: See Smithers, Nathaniel Barratt

Smithers, Nathaniel Barratt, 142, 142n

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., 381n

Smith’s Wharf, Baltimore, Md.: Douglass at, 498, 498n

Smyth, John Henry, 313

Smyth Opera House, Manchester, N.H.: Douglass at, 407n

Society of Friends: See Quakers

Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Convention, Cleveland, Ohio (1866), 134n

Soldier’s Home, Washington, D.C., 112, 112n

Sonnets to the Memory of Frederick Douglass (Tilton), 135n

Sons of Liberty, 34n

Sons of Relief (Nashville, Tenn.), 375

“Sources of Danger to the Republic" (Douglass): précis of, 593-94; text of, 149—72

South, the postbellum: black labor in, 512—15, 530, 541; black suffrage in, 280, 480, 610; Civil Rights Act (1874) and, 417n; climate of, 513; compared to North, 304—06; condition of blacks in, 517—33, 565, 572—73, 612—13; Democratic Party in, 495n, 585-86; described as “Solid South," 495n, 495—96, 538, 540, 584, 585—86, 586n; election of 1876 in, 495n; election of 1878 in, 493; ex-Confederates in, 524—25, 565; ex-slaveholders in, 238, 485, 515, 612—13; immigrants to, 235n, 248—49; Ku Klux Klan in, l42n, 239, 338n, 456n; political violence in, 492, 526, 540, 545, 565, 572—73, 593, 602—03; poor whites in, 460; readmission of states from, 116n, 116—17, 125; Republican Party in, 238—39, 486n, 493, 538—42; states’ rights and, 143, 318—19, 484; U.S. Army in, 540

South Africa, 94n, 364n

Southampton County, Va., 366n

South Carolina, 83, 97, 103, 314, 325—26n, 341, 495; Black Codes in, 105n; blacks in, 56, 56n, 528, 565; black suffrage in, 493, 493n, 565; Civil War in, 92n, 109, 109n; Democratic Party in, 486n, 489n; Ku Klux Klan in, 142n, 338n; land distribution in, 56; Methodist Episcopal Church in, 456n; politicians of, 115, 293, 399n, 488—89n, 585—86n, 592—93, 607; Reconstruction in, 179n, 271 , 271n, 485—86n, 489n, 565; Redeemers in, 511n; Republican Party in, 92n, 486n, 565; secession of, 400n, 438m; Unionist movement in, 84; U.S. Army in, 586n

South Carolina College, 488—89n

Southern Loyalists’ Convention, Philadelphia, Pa. (1866), 127n, 131n, 134, 135n, 268n; attacks Andrew Johnson, 140n, 145—46n; black sufrage and, 139, 141n, l45n; Douglass at, 123—24, 128n, 137, 138n, 268; fifteenth amendment and, 268; fourteenth amendment and, 145—46n; members of, 126n, 128n, 140, l42n, 145, 145—46n; resolutions of, 141n, 145—46nn

Spain: Arawaks and, 353n; architecture of, 350—51; Cuba and, 489n; defeats Ottoman Empire, 195n; empire of, 194—95; Franco-Prussian War and, 274n; Muslims in, 520, 520n; Netherlands Revolt and, 186, 188n, 189—197, 315—16, 594—98; religious persecution in, 520n, 599; Santo Domingo and, 343n, 353, 605—06; slave trade and, 435n; U.S. ministers to, 298—99n, 333n

Spanish-American War, 489n

Spaulding, Willard, 80n

Special Relief Services, 112n

Specie Resumption Act (1875), 534n

Speed, James, 126, 126n, 127n

Sperry, Anson M. , 550-51n; as branch inspector of Freedman's Bank, 547, 550, 552, 553n, 556, 559, 560, 561n

Springfield, Ill., 131n; Lincoln speaks in, 13n

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INDEX 657

Springfield rifle, 23

Spring Street A. M. E. Church, Rochester, N.Y.: Douglass at, 31

Stalwarts, 571, 571n

Stanton, Edwin M., 91n

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 215n; American Equal Rights Association and, 146, 172, 173, 213— 17; attacks male abolitionists, l77n; black suffrage and, 219; Democratic Party and, 148n; hosts Douglass, 216; in Kansas, l78n; racial prejudice of, 216n; women’s rights and, 214— 15n,261n,276n

Stanton, Henry B., 215n

“Star-Spangled Banner, The” (Key), 71

States General (Netherlands), 190, 190n, 192— 93n, 596—97

States' rights: Democratic Party and, 10, 298— 99, 339, 339n, 540n, 602, 606; fire-eaters and, 191n; in postbellum South, 540n; slavery safeguarded by, 318—19; John Tyler and, 569n

Steinway Hall, New York City, 199, 213

Stephens, Alexander H., 63

Stevens, Thaddeus, 128n, 357; criticized by Andrew Johnson, 159n; Douglass praises, 118, 142, 269; Freedmen’s Bureau and, 572n; land confiscation and, 517n; readmission of southern states and, 179, 179n

Stevens School, Washington, DC, 357

Stewart, Alexander T., 331n, 332n

Stewart, Eliza, 422n

Stewart, Moses, 607

Stewart, William M., 199

Stickney, Clarissa, 550n

Stickney, George W. , 550n; as actuary of Freedman's Bank, 550—52, 551n, 553n

Stickney, Jonathan, 550n

Stickney, William, 292, 293

Still, William, 407

Stillman, James W , 217

Stockbridge, Henry, 86

Stone, Lucy: American Anti-Slavery Society and, 199; American Equal Rights Association and, 146, 172, 173, 213, 214; attacks Republican Party, 180; in Kansas, l16n; woman sufrage and, 184, 395

Stoneman, George, 148n

Storrs, George, 210

Story, Joseph, 164n

Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher, 130n, 276n, 513n; Uncle Tom's Cabin by, 56n

Straker, Daniel Augustus, 300; Charles Sumner and, 355, 356n, 397

Stratton, Charles S., 577n

Stringfellow, John H., 53, 53n

Strong, Latham Cornell, 481

Studies in General Science (Blackwell), 206n

Sudan, 596

Suffrage: educational restrictions on, 599; for ex-Confederates, 73, 237n, 309—10n; fourteenth amendment and, 523n; in Louisiana, 25. See also Black suffrage; Woman sufrage

Suleiman, 615

Sumner, Charles: antislavery of, 398—401, 606; black suffrage and, 28n, 206, 515; John Bright and, 332; caning of, 115, 359n, 399, 400n, 424, 457, 607, 609, 611; Civil Rights Act (1875) and, 398—401, 405n, 426, 426n; compared to Millard Fillmore, 399; criticism of, 159n, 333, 399—400, 400n; death of, 359n, 397; Democratic Party and, 327, 574; Douglass praises, 118, 225—26, 269, 299, 312, 329—30, 484; election of 1872 and, 327n, 329n, 331n, 400, 400—01n;eulogies for, 397—401, 488n; feuds with Grant, 328, 331n, 332n, 400nn, 574n, 602; Fugitive Slave Law (1850) and, 398; Horace Greeley and, 322—23, 331n, 337n, 400, 400—01n; health of, 359, 359n; Johnson-Clarendon Convention and, 225—26, 225—26n; Kansas and, 398; Liberal Republican Party and, 331n, 336—37n, 400—01n, 574n; Massachusetts legislature censures, 359n; opposes racial discrimination, 27n, 398; personal liberty laws and, 53n; portrait of, 355, 356n; presidential aspirations of, 399; public letters of, 300, 328n, 334, 336—37n, 401n; quoted, 88, 88n; Republican Party and, 400n, 426, 580; Santo Domingo annexation and, 281n, 328, 343, 354—55, 355n, 400n, 603—05; Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections and, 400n; Senate Foreign Relations Committee and, 225—26n, 400n; supporters of, 294n, 418; as U.S. Senator, 449n, 515n, 608

Sumner Memorial Hall, Washington, DC: See Sumner School, Washington, D.C.

Sumner School, Washington, D.C., 355, 357—58, 397, 619

Sumner Street, Boston Mass., 349n

Sumter (ship), 227n

Sunderland, Byron, 106, 107, 107n

Surratt, John H., 286—87n

Swedes, 513; compared to blacks, 513

Sweet, Benjamin Jeffrey, 34n

Switzerland, 403n, 594

Symmons, Charles S., 533

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Synod of Don (1618—19), 189n

Syracuse, N.Y., 92n, 107n; Democratic Party convention (1879) in, 536n; mobs in, 53n

Syracuse (N.Y.) Journal, 38, 475, 533

Talbot County, Md., 136n, 498n; Douglass in, 477, 600

Tallahatchie County, Miss., 425n

Tammany Hall, New York City, 311—12, 536n

Tandy, Charlton H., 520, 521n

Taney, Roger B., 119—20, 196—97, 229n; Dred Scott decision and, 120n, 543, 543n, 602

Tanner, Henry S., 577, 577n

Tappan, Mrs. David, 199

Tappan, Mason W., 402

Tariffs, 330n, 442a

Taylor, Charles, 279—80, 280n

Taylor, Zachary: death of, 114n, 114, 170, 170n; Mexican cession and, 170n

Tell, William, 595—96

Temperance and temperance advocates, 213n; Susan B. Anthony and, 214n; Douglass and, xv; lectures on, 310n; women's rights and, 396n

Temperance Hall, Elmira, N.Y., 563

Tempest, The (Shakespeare), 200

Temple Theater, St. Louis, Mo., 342

Ten Acres Enough (Morris), 382n

Tennessee, 125n, 280, 376; agriculture in, 386-87; black migration from, 497n, 510; blacks in, 386—87, 386—87; Civil War in, 212n; constitutional convention (1865) in, 386a; emancipation in, 23n, 386, 386n; Andrew Johnson and, 91n; Ku Klux Klan in, 175n; Methodist Episcopal Church in, 456n; newspapers in, 456n; politicians of, 333n, 456n, 555n; Reconstruction in, 386n; slavery in, 23, 101; violence against blacks in, 413, 413n

Tennessee (ship), 285n, 603

Tennessee Central College, 413n

Tennessee Colored Agricultural and Mechanical Association, Nashville, Tenn., 375, 379, 388

Tenure of Office Act, 91n, 163n

Terry, Alfred H., 237n

Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses (Weld), 607-08

Texas, 145, 145n; annexation of, 10, 20, 111, 320n, 449, 535, 604, 608; black migration from, 497n, 510; Chinese laborers in, 235n; Freedman’s Bank in, 550n; Indians in, 320n; Jim Crow laws in, 298n: New Mexico and, 170, 170n; Republic of, 320n; secession of, 438n

Thayer, Eugene, 240

On the Prospect of Planting Arts and Learning in America (Berkeley), 514n

Third South Carolina Infantry Regiment, 71n

Thomas, Edward M., 138n

Thompson, C.H., 294

Thompson, George, 60h; black suffrage and, 60-61; Douglass praises, 607; Reconstruction and, 6ln

Thompson, Jacob, 113

Three Musketeers, The (Dumas), 233n

Thumb, Tom: see Stratton, Charles S.

Thurman, Alan G., 472, 472n

Tilden, Samuel J., 492n; Democratic Party and, 492, 536n; as presidential candidate, 472n, 492

Tillman, William, 91—92, 92h, 532

Tilton, Theodore, 3, 135n; Douglass praises, 145 , 268; as editor of Independent, 268; Southern Loyalists' Convention and, 124, 128n, 134, 135, 139; women’s rights and, 177, 177n

Timbuktu, 94n

Time Piece, The (Cowper): quoted, 45, 225, 250, 490

Toledo, Ohio, 124n

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, 289

Tombs, New York City (prison), 435n

Toombs, Robert, 63, 117n, 229, 229n

Topeka (Kans.) Colored Citizen, 496

Tory Party (Great Britain), 166n, 585n

“To the Lord General Cromwell" (Milton), 88n

Train, Enoch, 178n

Train, George Francis, 178n; in Kansas, 176n, 179; Revolution and, 215n; woman suffrage and, 178, 178n, 213

Tramps, 502n

Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky., 126n

Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa (Barth), 94n

Treaty of Washington (1871), 226n

Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass, 229n; celebrations of Emancipation Proclamation at, 435n

Trent (ship), 227n, 585n

Trousdale County, Tenn., 413n

Troy Female Seminary, Troy NY. , 215n

Trumbull, Lyman, 298, 298n, 426n

Truth, Sojourner, 276n; quoted, 276; supports black migration to Midwest, 510

Tudors, 18n

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Turner, James Milton: opposes black migration to Midwest, 510; as US. minister to Liberia, 204n

Turner, Nat, 224, 317, 366, 366n, 531—32

Thmer‘s Hall, St. Louis, Mo.: Douglass at, 149

Tuscaloosa, Ala., 287n

'I\vedd1e Hall, Albany N.Y., 146, 265

Tweed, William Marcy, 312n

Tweedle, John, 289

Tweed Ring, 312n, 492n

Twelfth Baptist Church, Boston, Mass, 435n

Twentieth South Carolina Infantry Regiment, 400n

Twenty-first U.S. Colored Troop, 71n

Tyler, John, 114n, 169—70, 211, 568, 568—69n

Uncle Tom, 56, 119, 130, 211; religious nature of, 56, 130

Uncle Tom's Cabin (Stowe), 56n, 130n, 606—07; characters in, 513n

Underground Railroad, 304—05, 464; agents of, 383n; Fugitive Slave law (1850) and, 362; Lincoln and, “In

Union Army: black officers in, 20, 27—28n; Bureau of Military Justice in, 285n; casualties figures of, 141n, 236n; chaplains of, 520n; Department of Kansas in, 22n; Department of the South in, 22n; Department of the West in, 22n; Department of West Virginia in, 22n; deserters from, 280; discrimination in, 19, 20, 25—26, 117, 591; enlistment of, 23n, 131n, 579; free black labor and, 56n; fugitive slaves and, 55, 64—65; hospitals and health services in, 447n, 561n; in Louisiana, 143n; Louisiana units in, 27n—28n; Massachusetts units in, 232n, 234— 35n; New England soldiers in, 483—84; New York units in, 234—35n; in North Carolina, 84n; officers in, 11, 22, 234—35n, 285n, 299n, 309n, 567n, 595; paymasters of, 550n; southern riots and. 148n; in Tennessee, 148n, 456n; treatment as prisoners, 114n, 133n; valor of, 290—92, 326, 484, 596; at Vicksburg, Miss., 56—57n. See also Black soldiers

Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., 94n

Unionists: imprisoned by Confederates, 145— 46n; in North Carolina, 84n; in Tennessee, 456n

Union League Club (New York City), 481n

Union League Hall, Washington, DC, 397

Union League House, Philadelphia, Pa., 128n, 134, 139

659

Union Navy, 91—92n

Union Park Congregational Church, Chicago, Ill.: Douglass at, 605

Union Party: See Republican Party

Union Place, New York City: See Union Square, New York City

Union Republican Party (Va.), 146n

Union Square, New York City: Douglass at, 48081, 481n

Union Theological Seminary, New York City, 107n

Unitarian Church: ministers in, 176, 180n, 205n; slavery and, 180n

United States: China and, 246n; climate of, 386; cock-fighting in, 352n; compared to Austria, 64; compared to France, 64; compared to Great Britain, 149; composite nationality of, 245, 259, 272; Europe and, 91; flag of, 6, 30, 56, 66, 212, 275, 280, 291, 297, 317, 321, 362, 452, 545, 616; Haiti and, 203—04, 332, 434, 591; Indians and, 245n; Liberia and, 203—04, 591; national character of, 241—45; natural resources of, 245; population of, 28, 318, 318n, 595; readmission of Confederate states into, 116n, 116-17; relations of, with Europe, 55; relations of, with Great Britain, 225—26n, 227n; relations of, with Santo Domingo, 281n, 332; religious freedom in, 599, 615—16; republican principles of, 242—43, 244—45, 324, 452—53, 472, 599; West Indies and, 605; as world power, 247

United States Congress: antislavery members in, 26, 26n, 37n; antislavery petitions to, 368n; black civil rights and, 27, 119; blacks in, 499, 499n, 598; black suffrage and, 103, 119—20, 205, 269—70, 493n, 540n; Chinese immigration and, 507n; colonization of blacks and, 57n; compared to Parliament, 166; Democratic Party in, 426—27, 427n, 489, 493n, 580n; federal election laws and, 580n; Freedman’s Bank and, 373n, 554, 554n, 558, 558n; Freedmen’s Bureau and, 572n; House Committee on Banking and Currency in, 551n; House Committee on Foreign Affairs in, 204n; House Reconstruction Committee in, l79n; Joint Committee on Reconstruction in, 270n; Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War in, l98n, 580n; Ku Klux Klan and, 338n; members of, 14, 26n, 28n, 106, 116n, 430, 469—72; personal liberty laws and, 53n; P.B.S. Pinchback and, 422—25, 422—27, 423n; readmission of

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United States Congress (continued) Southern states and, 125n; Santo Domingo and, 281n, 603; Select Committee on Emancipation and Colonization of, 57n; Senate Chaplaincy in, 107n; Senate Committee on Finance in, 549, 549n, 551, 553; Senate Committee on Foreign Relations in, 225—26n, 400a; Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections in, 400n; Senate Select Committee on the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company in, 373n, 546-62; southern intimidation in, 468; Charles Sumner in, 27n, 28n, 269, 400n; women‘s rights and, 184

United States v. Blyew et al, 340n

Universalist Church: ministers in, 176n, 395n; newspapers of, 395n

University of Berlin, 94n

University of Bonn, 298n

University of Geissen, 213n

University of Georgia, 488nn

University of Louisville, 126n

University of Michigan, 381n

University of Mississippi, 488n

University of Rochester, 280n

University of South Carolina, 399n, 585n

University of the City of New York: See City University of New York, New York City

University of Virginia, 37n, 548n

Untouchables, 250

Urban League Hall, Washington, DC. 281

US. Army: in antebellum South, 540; campaigns against Indians and, 245n; condition of prior to Civil War, 155n; Department of Louisiana in, 567n; Department of Texas in, 567n; officers of, 30ln; postbellum reduction of, 492n; removal from South, 586n

U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners, 176n, 264—65n

US. Bureau of Indian Affairs, 245n, 264—65n

US. Capitol, Washington, DC, 301n, 398, 429, 447n, 451, 473

US. Census: of 1860, 5n, 28n, 130n, 246n; of 1870,130n,246n,318n,405n,468n,520n;of 1880, 520n

U.S. Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, Pa., 408—09, 417, 443; Douglass at, 408n, 477, 477n; visitors to, 408n, 477n

U.S. Christian Commission, 68n, 553n

US. Constitution, 9, 13, 14,36, 145—46, l8ln, 299, 478, 484, 487—89, 522—23; balance of powers in, 156—59, 163—71, 593; Civil Rights

INDEX

Act (1866) and, 340n; defines citizenship, 180— 81; fifteenth amendment to, xv, 4%, 199, 201, 201n, 205n, 212, 213, 215n, 218, 237n, 240, 259, 264n, 265—66, 268, 270n, 270— 72, 31 In, 324n, 327n, 328, 330n, 334n, 339— 41, 340n, 360, 361, 485, 494n, 523,536,565, 567n, 573—74, 599, 600, 602—03, 606; fourteenth amendment to, xv, 125n, 215n, 237n, 268—69, 269n, 270n, 3] In, 326, 327nn, 328, 330n, 339—41, 340, 340n, 485, 494n, 523, 523n, 536, 565, 573—74, 593, 602—03; framers of, 67, 174; fugitive slave clause of, 22n; Indians and, 599; limitations of, 149—72; Lincoln and, 297n, 432; preamble to, 83, 121, 152—53; presidential powers and, 158—71; principles of, 152—53, 174, 442, 529, 565. 573—74; proposed amendments to, 60n, 1 16n; as proslavery document, 158, 432; racial distinctions and, 98, 144, 153, 593; readmission of Southern states and, 26%; religious freedom and, 606—07; republicanism and, 174; secession and, 64, 578, 578n; second amendment to, 84; Slaughter House Cases and, 340n; slavery and, 121—22, 174; states' rights and, 44; thirteenth amendment to, xv, 80n, 82, 85, 97, 98, 142n, 155n, 161n, 311n, 327n, 330n, 339—41 , 340, 340n, 485, 494n, 536, 573—74. 583, 602; woman suffrage and, 176n; women's rights and, 175

US. Customs House, New York City, 535n, 537n

US. Department of Agriculture, 381n

US. Department of Interior, 264—65n, 473, 488

US. Electoral Commission: David Davis and, 535, 535—36n; Alan G. Thurman and, 472n

US. General Land Office, 205n

US. Government Printing Office, Washington. DC, 232—33n, 233

US. Justice Department: attorneys general of. 539m, 555n; protection of black suffrage and. 493n

US. Marine Band, 289, 427

US. Military Academy, West Point, NY, 22n. 74n,76n,212n,331n,567n,569-70

US. Navy, 227n, 332n; black colonization and. 501n; Coastal Survey in, 381n; condition of prior to Civil War, 155n; postbellum reduction of, 492n; in War of 1812, 479n

U.S. Pension Bureau, 279n

US. Post Office Department, 473; black employment in, 542n; postmasters general of, 442n. 486n,539n,558n,585n

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