LIFE AND TIMES OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS 373
suffered in slavery, I can say I too have suffered. To those who have taken some risks and encountered hardships in the flight from bondage, I can say I too have endured and risked. To those who have battled for liberty, brother-hood, and citizenship, I can say I too have battled; and to those who have lived to enjoy the fruits of victory, I can say I too live and rejoice. If I have pushed my example too prominently for the good taste of my Caucasian readers I beg them to remember that I have written in part for the encouragement of a class whose aspirations need the stimulus of success.
I have aimed to assure them that knowledge can be obtained under difficulties; that poverty may give place to competency; that obscurity is not an absolute bar to distinction, and that a way is open to welfare and happiness to all who will resolutely and wisely pursue that way; that neither slavery, stripes, imprisonment, nor proscription, need extinguish self-respect, crush manly ambition. or paralyze effort: that no power outside of himself can prevent a man from sustaining an honorable character and a useful relation to his day and generation; that neither institutions nor friends can make a race to stand unless it has strength in its own legs; that there is no power in the world which can be relied upon to help the weak against the strong- the simple aga111st the ,,ise: that races like indi,iduals must stand or fall by their o\\n merits: that all the prayers of Christendom cannot stop the force of a single bullet. di\'est arsenic of poison. or suspend any law of nature. In my communication with the colored people I ha,e endeavored to deliver them from the power of superstition. bigotry. and priest-craft. In theology I have found them strutting about in the old clothes of the masters, just as the masters strut about in the old clothes of the past. The falling power remains among them long since it has ceased to be the religious fashion of our refined and elegant white churches. I ha,e taught that the "fault is not in our stars hut m ourseh·es that we are underlings," that "who would be free, themseh es must strike the blow." 1 ha,e urged upon them self-reliance, selfrespect. industry. perseverance. and economy- to make the best of both worlds but to make the best of this world first because it comes first, and that he who does not improve himself by the motives and opportunities afforded by this world gives the best e\ idence that he would not improve in any other world. Schooled as I have been among the abolitionists of New 1:ngland. I recognize that the universe is governed by laws which are unchangeable and eternal, that what men sow they will reap, and that there is no way to dodge or circumvent the consequences of any act or deed . My ,iews at this point receive but limited endorsement among my people. They for the most part think they have means of procuring special favor and help
374 LIFE AND TIMES OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS
from the Almighty, and as their "faith is the substance of things hoped for and the evidence of things not seen," they find much in this expression which is true to faith but utterly false to fact. But I meant here only to say a word in conclusion. Forty years of my life have been given to the cause of my people, and if I had forty years more they should all be sacredly given to the great cause. If I have done something for that cause, I am after all more a debtor to it than it is debtor to me.