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SCIENCE

275

5 per cent, of dried meat does not delay the
onset of scurvy but does greatly prolong the
life of the animals, while 10 per cent. of this
meat delays the onset of the disease and greatly
prolongs the life of the animals. He also
thinks that calcium and chloride cause delay in
the development of scurvy.

Dutcher7 and his associates claim that raw
lean beef does not possess antiscorbutic prop-
erties. They think the favorable influence
from dried meat claimed by Pitz is in reality
due to the fact that the animals in those ex-
periments were consuming milk ad lib.

The dried meat used in our experiments was
lean beef freed of fat and dehydrated in vacuo
at a temperature never higher than 65° C. for
a period of twelve hours.8 The meat was then
air dried for several days, during which time
it gave up a little more moisture. This dried
product was ground to a powder and offered
as such to the animals. The guinea-pigs did
not care for the food in this form and the only
satisfactory consumption obtained was through
intimately blending the meat with the soy cake
food by grinding the two together. By this
manipulation an average consumption of fifty
per cent, or better of the 3 gm. of meat of-
fered daily, was obtained from all animals.
The actual daily amount of dried meat eaten
was about 1.5 gm. per guinea-pig; represent-
ing approximately 15 per cent, of the total
solids ingested.

The dried meat was fed uncooked and cooked
for fifteen minutes at 100° C. In neither case
was there any protection against the onset of
scurvy nor was death therefrom delayed. A
graphic presentation of the above results is
given in the chart by a curve of growth of a
typical animal from each group.

The findings in these animal experiments are
in accord with those of Chick, Hume and
Skelton and of Dutcher and associates on the
value of raw meat juice and raw meat and a

7 Dutcher, R. A., Pierson, E. M., and Biester, A.,
Sci., N. S., 1918, 50, 184.

8 Our thanks are due Dr. K. Geo. Falk, of the
Harriman Laboratories, Roosevelt Hospital, New
York City
, for kindly supplying us with the meat
used in these experiments.

watery extract of raw meat. The results sup-
port Stefansson’s contention, in so fas as meat
is concerned, that foodstuffs preserved by
desiccation are deficient in their antiscorbutic
property.

The meat used by Pitz in his experiments
was dried over steam coils. Our results are in
direct opposition to his. The explanation of
this is undoubtedly due, as Dutcher believes,
to the amount of milk consumed by the guinea-
pigs in Pitz’s experiments. His results in all
likelihood would have been the same as ours
had the intake of milk been controlled quanti-
tatively. Maurice H. Givens,

Harry B. McClugage
University of Rochester

THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL
SOCIETY

The American Meteorological Society was or-
ganized in St. Louis, on (cf.
preliminary announcements, Science, , pp. 180-181, and , pp.
546-547). Following the organization, the Council
of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science granted affiliation. The officers elected
for 1920 are: R. DeC. Ward, president; W. J.
Humphreys, vice-president; Robert E, Horton,
treasurer, and Charles F. Brooks, secretary. Fif-
teen councilors representing the various phases of
theoretical and applied meteorology were also
elected. They are: Lieutenant Colonel W. R. Blair,
Meteorological Service, Signal Corps, Washington;
E. H. Bowie, Weather Bureau, Washington, D. C.;
Professor H. J. Cox, Weather Bureau, Chicago,
111.; A. W. Douglas, Simmons Hardware Co., St.
Louis, Mo.; Professor Ellsworth Huntington, Yale
University, New Haven, Conn.; Lieutenant C. N.
Keyser, Aerology Division, U. S. Navy, Washing-
ton, D. C.; Professor C. F. Marvin, Weather Bu-
reau, Washington, D. C.; Major General C. T.
Menoher, Air Service, Washington, D. C.; J. C.
Millas, Meteorological Service, Habana, Cuba;
James H. Scarr, Weather Bureau, New York, N.
Y.; Professor J. Warren Smith, Weather Bureau,
Washington, D. C.; Sir F. Stupart, Meteorological
Office, Toronto, Canada; Professor C. F. Talman,
Weather Bureau, Washington, D. C.; Dr. F. L.
West, Utah Agricultural College, Logan, Utah;
Professor W. M. Wilson, Cornell University, and
Weather Bureau, Ithaca, N. Y. Eleven committees

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