stefansson-wrangel-09-34-046

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RANDOM NOTES

SOME ESKIMO CLOTHES--Boots of sealskin, KAMIKS, reach
the kneecap; there they meet white bearskin trousers. Coat
is of fox fur with hood which can be turned up or thrown
back. Under the coat they wear birdskin shirts with feathers
inside. In summer they wear sealskin for coats. In really
mild weather they wear birdskin coat only.

Womens' outfit same as mens but the KAMIKS are much
longer, reaching the crotch. Instead of trousers they wear
short panties (sic). Hoods usually trimmed with wolf fur.

ESKIMOIC--a word used by Freuchen like "Esimoic ways”,
"Eskimoic tact," --like an Eskimo.

ARCTIC BIRDS

The GREAT AUK became extict in the 1850s--might use
something like this---"Ada could recall times when her grand-
mother talked of these flightless waterbirds of the north.
She had told of the delicious eggs splotched with brown
and black and the comical effect of their erect walk,
waddling about like so many little excited humans etc "
(From pictures I have, the geat auk resembled very much
the Antarctic penguin). They were killed by the thousands
with clubs from the whaling ships by white men who used
them for food as well as selling feathers for pillows and
feather beds.

MURRES and GUILLEMOTS nest on rocky ledges in the hills
and mountains of Arctic islands-- Puffins and auklets prefer
underground burrows or crannies deep in rock piles.or in
caves. Perhaps Ada's "doedle bird" may have been the murr.
Acc. to a National Geographic article (1936) "The western
variety of murr ranges from Wrangel and Herald Islands
through the Bering Sea to Kodiak Island."

DOVEKIES alight on projecting rocks by the hundreds.
A stone cast into the group may kill a half dozen. They
return to their Arctic homes in the spring earlier than
any other birds.

All, and many others among the Arctic birds are a val-
uable to the food supplies of the Eskimos. Return of the
birds after the long Arctic winter is always a time of re-
joicing with the natives. The young and adult birds and the
eggs are all eaten. Skins of mature birds tanned with the
feathers intact made into warm parkas and other articles of
clothing.

ARTIC RAVEN--So far I haven't been able to locate
information on it. I do know that birds in the raven group
are considerably larger than our crows. Neither have I
been able to find anything about the white owl.

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