Roger B. Taney practiced law in his home state of Maryland long before he became an influential member of President Andrew Jackson's cabinet and later wrote the majority opinion in the infamous Dred Scott v. Sanford case (1857) as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court.
Taney (1777-1864) handled many of the cases in this collection just as he began his political ascent in state politics. The papers featured here are legal documents from his law practice in Frederick, Maryland. Most items fall between 1805 and 1818. Of special note are the cases concerning slaves.
These papers offer a unique opportunity to examine Taney's legal career in its formative years before he rose to national prominence.